全国历年试题:2021年1月自考综合英语(二)试题

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 127 次

I.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswiththemostlikelyanswer.(15points)1.Much______beensaidabouttheproblembutnothing_______beendonesofar.A.has,hadB.had,hasC.had,hadD.have,have2.I‘dliketohave______withyousometimethisweekaboutyourapproachingexams.A.awordB.somewordC.somewordsD.oneword3.Myauntwasadancerandshewenton______stageat______ageofeight.A.the,anB./,theC.the,theD.a,/4.Tomorrowwillbecloudy,withafewsunny______.A.intervalsB.periodsC.stepsD.instance5.He‘sbeenunemployedforawholeyearandiscraving________achancetowork.A.toB.forC.atD.in6.Theworld‘ssuppliesofpetroleum______.A.havegraduallyexhaustedB.arebeinggraduallyexhaustedC.aregraduallyexhaustingD.aregraduallyexhausted7.Inmanypartsoftheworldtheonly________watersupplyliesbelowtheground.A.continuousB.permanentC.instantD.constant8.Sincelifeisshortandtheworldiswide,______youstartexploringit________.A.theearly,thebetterB.thequicklier,thebetterC.thesooner,thebetterD.thequick,thebetter9.Thisisthecomputer_______wehavehadsomuchtrouble.A.towhichB.atwhichC.withwhichD.ofwhich10.Withouttreesourworld_______amuchdrierplace.A.isB.willbeC.wouldbeD.mustbe11.Iwouldappreciate______itasecret.A.yourkeepingB.youtokeepC.thatyoukeepD.thatyouwillkeep12.IwishI___________longerthismorning,butIhadtogetupandcometoclass.A.couldhavesleptB.sleptC.mighthavesleptD.haveslept13.Thisticket___________youtoafreemealinournewrestaurant.A.givesB.grantsC.entitlesD.credits14.Despitethewonderfulactingandwell-developedplotthe___________moviecouldnotholdourattention.A.three-hoursB.three-hourC.three-hours‘D.three-hour’s15.Untilthen,hisfamily____________fromhimforsixmonths.A.didn‘thearB.hasn’tbeenhearingC.hasn‘theardD.hadn’theardⅡ。完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)Fillineachblankinthepassagewiththemostlikelyanswer.(15points)Fromchildhoodtooldage,wealluselanguageasameansofbroadeningourknowledgeofourselvesandtheworldaboutus.Whenhumansfirst16,theywerelikenewbornchildren,unabletousethis17tool.Yetoncelanguagedeveloped,thepossibilitiesforhumankindsfuture18andculturalgrowthincreased.Manylinguists(语言学家)believethatevolutionis19forourabilitytoproduceanduselanguage.They20thatourhighlyevolvedbrainprovidesus21aninnatelanguageabilitynotfoundinlower22.Proponents(建议者)ofthisinnatenesstheorysaythatour23forlanguageisinborn,butthatlanguageitselfdevelopsgradually,24afunctionofthegrowthofthebrainduringchildhood.Thereforetherearecriticalbiologicaltimesforlanguagedevelopment.Current25ofinnatenesstheoryaremixed,however,evidencesupportingtheexistenceofsomeinnateabilitiesisundeniable.26,moreandmoreschoolsarediscoveringthatforeignlanguagesarebesttaughtin27grades.Youngchildrenoftencanlearnseverallanguagesbybeing28.tothem,whileadultshaveamuchhardertimelearninganotherlanguageoncetherulesoftheirfirstlanguagehavebecomefirmlyfixed.29someaspectsoflanguageareundeniablyinnate,languagedoesnotdevelopautomaticallyinavacuum.Childrenwhohavebeen30fromotherhumanbeingsdonotpossesslanguage.Thisdemonstratesthatinteractionwithotherhumanbeingsisnecessaryforproperlanguagedevelopment.Somelinguistsbelievethatthisisevenmorebasictohumanlanguageacquisitionthananyinnatecapacities.Thesetheoristsviewlanguageasimitative,learnedbehavior.Inotherwords,childrenlearnlanguagefromtheirparentsbyimitatingthem.Parentsgraduallyshapetheirchild‘slanguageskillsbypositivelyreinforcingpreciseimitationsandnegativelyreinforcingimpreciseones.16.A.generatedB.evolvedC.bornD.originated17.A.valuableB.appropriateC.convenientD.favorite18.A.attainmentsB.feasibilityC.entertainmentsD.evolution19.A.essentialB.availableC.reliableD.responsible20.A.confirmB.informC.claimD.convince21.A.forB.fromC.ofD.with22.A.organizationsB.organismsC.humansD.children23.A.potentialB.performanceC.preferenceD.passion24.A.asB.justasC.likeD.unlike25.AreviewsB.referenceC.reactionD.recommendation26.A.InawordB.InasenseC.IndeedD.Inotherwords27.A.variousB.differentC.thehigherD.thelower28.A.revealedB.exposedC.engagedD.involved29.A.AlthoughB.WhetherC.SinceD.When30.A.distinguishedB.differentC.protectedD.isolatedⅢ。难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Choosetheclosestparaphrasedversionforeachofthesentencesoritalicizedparts.(10points)31.Theherocreatedhimself;thecelebrityiscreatedbythemedia.A.Theherowasadmiredforwhattheyhaddoneforsociety;thecelebrityburstontothescenebytheworkofthemedia.B.Theheromadeitthroughthcirownefforts;thecelebrityachievesfamebecauseofhisgoodrelationswiththemedia.C.Theheroofthepastwasactive;today‘scelebrityispassive.D.Theheropublicizedhimself;thecelebrityispublicizedbythemedia.32.Therewasacrashthatmadeallthemostviolentcrashesofhispastlifeseemlikethesouncloffallingdust.A.Comparedwiththemostviolentcrashesinthepast,thisoneseemedasgentleasdustfalling.B.Comparedwiththisear-splittingcrash,alltheothercrashesinhispastlifeseemednothing.C.Inhispastlifehehadneverexperiencedacrashofsuchforceastomakefallingdustseemviolent.D.Whenthiscrashoccurred,itsdeafeningnoisedrownedallothernoises;sonoonecouldheardustfalling.33.Everystudentshouldregularlyexperiencethe“Aha!”________whensomethingyouneverunderstood,orsomethingyouneverknewwasamystery,becomesclear.A.Whenstudentssuddenlycometounderstandsomethingnew,orwhentheysolveamystery,theyusuallyshout:“Aha!”B.Studentsshouldkeeplearningnewthingssothattheycanfeelthejoyofdiscoveringwhattheydidn‘tunderstandbefore.C.Studentsshouldoftenchangesubjectsintheirstudiessothattheycanexperiencesurprises,whichmakeslearningmoreenjoyable.D.Iflearningismademoresurprisingandmysterious,studentswillneverfinditboring.34.Itwasinhermindtosharetheirrefuge.A.Thethoughtthattheyshouldsharetherefugewasconstantlytroublingher.B.Shewaswonderingiftheyshouldsharetheirshelterwiththeneighbors.C.Shedidn‘tmindthattheirsheltershouldbemadeapublicplace.D.Shethoughttheyshouldsharetheirshelterwiththeneighbors.35.Thatdidnotanswer;thesherrywasalittletoodry.A.Hiseffortsofsellingsherryprovedafailure;thesherrywasnotmoistenough.B.Nobodyansweredhishawking;peopledidnotbuyhissherrybecauseitwastoodry.C.Histrailofsellingsherrydidnotprovideasolution;hesoonbecametiredofitagain.D.Hedidnotgetmoneyinthisbusiness;thesherrydriedoutandhehadnothingtosell.36.Nothingwastoogoodforthatchild(Laura)。A.Lauradeservedwhateverherparentsdidforher.B.Laurawasaspoiltchildandshewashardtoplease.C.Lauranevertookherparents‘loveandcareforgranted.D.Laurawasuntouchednomatterwhatherparentsdidforher.37.IfIcareaboutyou,I‘mconcernedaboutyourgrowth,andIhopeyouwillbecomeallthatyoucanbecome.A.……youwillbecomewhatyouwanttobe.B.……youwilleventuallybecomeagiftedperson.C.……youwilldevelopallyourabilitiestothefull.D.……youwillbecapableofdoingallsortsofjobs.38.Romanceistheprivilegeoftherich,nottheprofessionoftheunemployed.A.Thepoorshouldnotfallinlovethewaytherichdo.B.Therichcanberomantic;thejoblessshouldbepractical.C.Therichcanaffordtolove;thejoblessmustseekaliving.D.Thepoor,withoutajob,shouldbewiseenoughnottofallinlove.39.Childisabelievingcreature.Cliffundoubtedlybelievedthem.A.Achildalwayswantsadultstobelievehim.B.Achildreadilyacceptswhatadultssay.C.Achildneverrejectswhatadultstellhimtodo.D.Achildneverthinksthatadultscanberight.40.I‘llhavetolieagainandsaywecamedownwithfoodpoisoning,orsomething.A.……foodpoisoningkeptusinbed.B.……aseriousdiseaseaffectedourhealth.C.……wesufferedfromanillnesssuchasfoodpoisoning.D.……wesufferedfromfoodpoisoningorsomethinglikethat.IV.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)Readthetwopassagesandanswerthequestions.(20points)Passage1Attentiontodetailissomethingeveryonecanandshoulddoespeciallyinatightjobmarket.BobCrossley,ahuman-resourcesexpertnoticesthisinthejobapplicationsthatcomecrosshisdeskeveryday.“It‘samazinghowmanycandidateseliminatethemselves,”hesays.“Resumes(简历)arrivewithstains.Whileothercandidatesdon’tbothertospellthecompany‘sthingsatthecostofsomethinglargertheyworktoward.”Tokeepfromlosingtheforestforthetrees,“saysCharlesGarfield,associateprofessorattheUniversityofCalifornia,SanFrancisco,”wemustconstantlyaskourselveshowthedetailswe’reworkingonfitintothelargerpicture.Iftheydon‘tfitwell,weshoulddropthemandmovetosomethingelse.“Wecan’talwaysbeperfectionists.GarfieldcomparesthisprocesstohisworkasacomputerscientistatNASA.“TheApolloIImoonlaunchwasslightlyoff-course90percentofthetime,”saysGarfield.“Butasuccessfullandingwasstilllikelybecauseweknewtheexactcoordinates(相配之物)ofourgoal.Thisallowedustomakeadjustmentsasnecessary.”Knowingwherewewanttogohelpsusjudgetheimportanceofeverytaskweundertake.Toooftenwebelievewhataccountsforothers‘successissomespecialsecretoraluckybreak(机遇)。Butrarelyissuccesssomysterious.Againandagain,weseethatbydoinglittlethingswithinourgraspwell,largerewardsfollow.41.Accordingtothepassage,somejobapplicantswererejected___________.A.becauseoftheircarelessnessasshownintheirfailuretopresentacleancopyofaresumeB.becauseoftheirinadequateeducationasshownintheirpoorspellinginwritingaresumeC.becausetheyfailedtogiveadetaileddescriptionoftheirbackgroundintheirApplicationsD.becausetheyeliminatedtheirnamesfromtheapplicantslistthemselves42.Theword“perfectionists”referstothosewho___________.A.demandotherstogeteverythingabsolutelyrightB.knowhowtoadjusttheirgoalsaccordingtothecircumstancesC.paytoomuchattentiontodetailsonlytolosetheirmajorobjectivesD.arecapableofachievingperfectresultsinwhatevertheydo43.Whichofthefollowingistheauthor‘sadvicetothereader?A.Althoughtoomuchattentiontodetailsmaybecostly,theyshouldnotbeoverlooked.B.Don‘tforgetdetailswhendrawingpictures.C.Beawareoftheimportanceofataskbeforeundertakingit.D.Carelessapplicantsarenottobetrusted.44.TheexampleoftheApolloIImoonlaunchisgiventoillustratethat___________.A.minormistakescanbeignoredinachievingmajorobjectivesB.failureisthemotherofsuccessC.adjustmentsarethekeytothesuccessfulcompletionofanyworkD.keepingone‘sgoalinmindhelpsindecidingwhichdetailscanbeoverlooked45.Thebesttitleforthispassagewouldbe___________.A.Don‘tBeaPerfectionistB.ImportanceofAdjustmentsC.DetailsandMajorObjectivesD.HardWorkPlusGoodLuckPassage2Tasteissuchasubjectivematterthatwedon‘tusuallyconductpreferencetestsforfood.Themostyoucansayaboutanyone’spreference,isthatit‘soneperson’sopinion.Butbecausethetwobigcola(可口饮料)companies-Coca-ColaandPepsiColaaremarketedsoaggressively,we‘vewonderedhowbigaroletastepreferenceactuallyplaysinbrandloyalty.WesetupatastetestthatchallengedpeoplewhoidentifiedthemselvesaseitherCoca-ColaorPepsifans:Findyourbrandinablindtasting.WeinvitedstaffvolunteerswhohadastronglikingforeitherCoca-ColaClassic(传统型)orPepsi,Diet(低糖的)Coke,orDietPepsi.Thesewerepeoplewhothoughtthey‘dhavenotroubletellingtheirbrandfromtheotherbrand.Weeventuallylocated19regularcoladrinkersand27dietcoladrinkers.Thenwefedthemfourunidentifiedsamplesofcolaoneatatime,regularcolasfortheonegroup,dietversionsfortheother.WeaskedthemtotelluswhethereachsamplewasCokeorPepsi;thenweanalyzedtherecordsstatisticallytocomparetheparticipants‘choiceswithwhatmereguess-workcouldhaveaccomplished.Gettingallfoursamplesrightwasatoughtest,butnottootough,wethought,forpeoplewhobelievedtheycouldrecognizetheirbrand.Intheend,only7outof19regularcoladrinkerscorrectlyidentifiedtheirbrandofchoiceinallfourtrials.Thediet-coladrinkersdidalittleworse-only7to27identifiedallfoursamplescorrectly.Whilebothgroupsdidbetterthanchancewouldpredict,nearlyhalftheparticipantsineachgroupmadethewrongchoicetwoormoretimes.Twopeoplegotallfoursampleswrong.Overall,halftheparticipantsdidaboutaswellonthelastroundoftastingasonthefirst,sofatigue,ortasteburnoutwasnotafactor.OurpreferencetestresultssuggestthatonlyafewPepsiparticipantsandCokefansmayreallybeabletotelltheirfavoritebrandbytasteandprice.46.Accordingtothepassagethepreferencetestwasconductedinorderto___________.A.findouttheroletastepreferenceplaysinaperson‘sdrinkingB.revealwhichcolaismoretothelikingofthedrinkersC.showthataperson‘sopinionabouttasteismereguess-workD.comparetheabilityoftheparticipantsinchoosingtheirdrinks47.Thestatisticsrecordedinthepreferencetestsshow____________.A.Coca-ColaandPepsiarepeople‘stwomostfavoritedrinksB.thereisnotmuchdifferenceintastebetweenCoca-ColaandPepsiC.fewpeoplehadtroubletellingCoca-ColafromPepsiD.people‘stastesdifferfromoneanother48.Itisimpliedinthefirstparagraphthat___________.A.thepurposeoftastetestsistopromotethesaleofcolasB.theimprovementofqualityisthechiefconcernofthetwocolacompaniesC.thecompetitionbetweenthetwocolasisverystrongD.blindtastingisnecessaryforidentifyingfans49.Theword“burnout”herereferstothestateof___________.A.beingseriouslyburntintheskinB.beingunabletobumforlackoffuelC.beingbadlydamagedbyfireD.beingunabletofunctionbecauseofexcessiveuse50.Theauthor‘spurposeinwritingthispassageisto___________.A.showthattastepreferenceishighlysubjectiveB.arguethattastetestingisanimportantmarketingstrategyC.emphasizethattasteandpricearecloselyrelatedtoeachotherD.recommendthatblindtastingbeintroducedinthequalitycontrolofcolasV.词形转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswitha(compound)wordderivedfromtheone(s)giveninbrackets.(10points)51.Ifwedon‘tstartoutnow,wemustrisk___________thetrain.(miss)52.Thegovernmenthasworkedoutaten-yearprogramto___________thetransportsystemofthecountry.(modern)53.Peoplewholovepeacestageda(n)_________protestagainstNATO‘sbombingsofYugoslavia.(war)54.Chinapursuesastrictpolicyof___________intheinternalaffairsofothercountries.(interfere)55.Heonlyateafew___________offoodandthenlefthomeinahurry.(mouth)56.Thepowercutlefttheroomincomplete___________.(dark)57.Beingwelltakencareofinthehospital,thepatientmadeaquick___________fromhisillness.(recover)58.Unlikehisquitebrother,heisvery___________.(talk)59.Neverindulgein___________asit‘sharmfultoyourhealth.(drink)60.Theyaredeterminedtofightracial___________.(equal)VI.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)TranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish.(15points)61.聪明人能从自己的错误中吸取教训。62.那个委员会没能就这个问题达成一致意见。63.为了躲开高峰期,苏珊只得每天早上8点赶公共汽车。64.不同的民族对人权的定义有很大的不同。65.你不能指望一两个星期内就能大大提高英语口语水平。VII.作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字左右的短文。(本大题共1小题,15分)Writeashortcompositionofabout150wordsbasedononeofthetextsyouhavelearnt.(15points)66.“Cultureshockmightbecalledanoccupationaldiseaseofpeoplewhohavebeensuddenlytransplantedabroad.”

本文由湖北专升本整理发布

预约报名

开班日历

报考类型报考时间详细公告
自考VIP班5月20日公告>
自考精英班5月24日公告>
自考保过班6月01日公告>
自考快速班6月2日公告>
自考提高班6月3日公告>
自考保过班06月14日公告>
预约试听
  • 姓名
  • 手机
  • 微信
  • 年级
今日学生报名信息
  • Expandable Input李家国同学

    在1分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input张红同学

    在11分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

  • Expandable Input胡涵琪同学

    在28分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input潘佳文同学

    在42分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语基础班》课程

  • Expandable Input赵原同学

    在48分钟前报名了《第四期专升本协议班》课程

  • Expandable Input蔡慧洁同学

    在53分钟前报名了《第四期专升本保过班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈明豪同学

    在67分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语押题班》课程

  • Expandable Input曹郧波同学

    在72分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈天淮同学

    在83分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈羽霏同学

    在86分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语基础班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈月同学

    在93分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

  • Expandable Input邓海艳同学

    在105分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

  • Expandable Input邓海艳同学

    在105分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

9月专升本英语全程班 现在报名送暑假班和网课

姓名:
电话: