全国历年试题:2021年7月自考综合英语(二)试题

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 152 次

自学考试
I.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswiththemostlikelyanswer.(15points)1.Shewasinvitedtogototheballbutshedidnotevenhave______togowithherdress.A.apieceofjewelryB.pieceofjewelryC.ajewelryD.onejewelry2.I'dliketohave______withyousometimethisweekaboutyourapproachingexams.A.awordB.somewordC.somewordsD.oneword3.What_______honestmanheis!A.aB./C.theD.an4.Tomorrowitwillbecloudy,withafewsunny______.A.intervalsB.periodsC.stepsD.instance5.Thecoachfeltthathewasresponsible______histeam'stotalfailureinthechampionships.A.atB.forC.inD.on6._______tothedinnerparty,hewenttoamovietokilltime.A.NottobeinvitedB.NothavingbeeninvitedC.HavingnotbeeninvitedD.Nothavinginvited7.Inmanypartsoftheworldtheonly_______watersupplyliesbelowtheground.A.continuousB.permanentC.instantD.constant8.Heisdeterminedtoget_______oftheprofitthanhehadbeenoffered.A.tenpercentmoreB.tenmorepercentC.moretenpercentD.asmanyastenpercent9.Thetemplewasbuiltonahillside,_______wasapleasant,windingvalley.A.bywhichB.underwhichC.belowwhichD.downwhich10.Iwouldhavegonewithyou,butI_______tootired.A.wasB.hadbeenC.mustbeD.musthavebeen11.Markoftenattemptstoescape_______wheneverhebreakstrafficregulations.A.havingbeenfinedB.tohavebeenfinedC.tobefinedD.beingfined12.Wedidn'tknowhistelephonenumber;otherwisewe_______him.A.wouldhavetelephonedB.musthavetelephonedC.wouldtelephoneD.hadtelephoned13.ThatwassoseriousamatterthatIhadnochoicebut_______thepolice.A.calledinB.callinginC.callinD.tocallin14.Theytook_______measurestopreventpoisonousgasesfromescaping.A.fruitfulB.beneficialC.validD.effective15.Untilthen,hisfamily__________fromhimforsixmonths.A.didn'thearB.hasn'tbeenhearingC.hasn'theardD.hadn'theardⅡ.完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)Fillineachblankinthepassagewiththemostlikelyanswer.(15points)ShoppinghabitsintheUnitedStateshavechangedgreatlyinthelastquarterofthe20thcentury.Earlyinthe1900smostAmericantownsandcitieshadaMainStreet.MainStreetwasalwaysintheheartofatown.Thisstreetwas16onbothsideswithmanyvariousbusinesses.Here,shopperswalkedintostorestolookatallsortsofmerchandise:clothing,furniture,hardware,groceries.17,someshopsoffered18.Theseshopsincludeddrugstores,restaurants,shoerepairstores,andbarberorhairdressingshops.19inthe1950s,achangebeganto20.ToomanyautomobileshadcrowdedintoMainStreet21toofewparkingplaceswere22shoppers.Becausethestreetswerecrowded,merchantsbegantolookwithinterestattheopenspaces23thecitylimits.Openspaceiswhattheircardrivingcustomersneeded.Andopenspaceiswhattheygotwhenthefirstshoppingcenterwasbuilt.Shoppingcenters,orrathermalls,24asacollectionofsmallnewstores25crowdedcitycenters.Attractedbyhundredsoffreeparkingspace,customersweredrawnawayfrom26areastooutlyingmalls.Andthegrowing27ofshoppingcentersled28tothebuildingofbiggerandbetterstockedstores.29thelate1970s,manyshoppingmallshadalmostdevelopedintosmallcitiesthemselves.Inadditiontoprovidingtheconvenienceofonestopshopping,mallsweretransformedintolandscapedparks,30benches,fountains,andoutdoorentertainment.16.A.builtB.designedC.intendedD.lined17.A.ApartfromB.HoweverC.InadditionD.Aswell18.A.medicalcareB.foodC.cosmeticsD.services19.A.SuddenlyB.AbruptlyC.ContrarilyD.But20.A.betakingplaceB.takeplaceC.betakenplaceD.havetakenplace21.A.whileB.yetC.thoughD.andthen22.A.availableforB.availabletoC.usedbyD.readyfor23.A.overB.fromC.outofD.outside24.A.startedB.foundedC.setupD.organized25.A.outofB.awayfromC.nexttoD.near26.A.innerB.centralC.shoppingD.downtown27.A.distinctionB.fameC.popularityD.1iking28.A.onB.inturnC.byturnsD.further29.A.ByB.DuringC.InD.Towards30.A.becauseofB.andC.withD.providedⅢ.难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Choosetheclosestparaphrasedversionforeachofthesentencesoritalicizedparts.(10points)31.Iattendedthefuneralwiththemandsatthroughitwithalumpofcoldleadinmychestandabigresolutiongrowingthroughme.A.Throughoutthefuneral,Iwasfilledwithsadness.B.Thesadatmosphereofthefuneralalmostchokedme.C.AtthefuneralIfeltascoldasleadfrombeginningtoend.D.AllthetimeIsatatthefuneralwithaheartasheavyaslead.32.Idon'tthinkI'dhavedaredtoapproachyouifyou'dlookedtheleastbitasIalwaysimagined.A.IfyouhadbeenmorehandsomeIwouldn'thavehadthecouragetocomeoverandspeaktoyou.B.IfIhadfoundyouashandsomeasIhadalwaysimagined,Iwouldn'thavespokentoyou.C.ItwasonlywhenIfoundyoudidn'tlooksmartatallthatIdecidedtospeaktoyou.D.ItwasonlywhenIfoundyoulesshandsomethatIwasthatIhavethecouragetospeaktoyou.33.WhenHughiecameinhefoundTrevorputtingthefinishingtouchestoawonderfullife-sizepictureofabeggar-man.A.TrevorwasaddingsomedecorationsB.Trevorwasmakingsomecorrection.C.TrevorhadjustcheckedafewdetailsD.Trevorhadalmostfinishedthepicture34.ThebeautyofourcountryoratleastallofitssouthofNorthScotlandisashardtodefineasitiseasytoenjoy.A.Thebeautyofourcountryiseasytoenjoybutdifficulttodescribe.B.Itisdifficultbothtostatethebeautyofourcountryandtoreallyappreciateit.C.Itismoredifficulttoreallyappreciatethebeautyofourcountrythantogiveitadefinition.D.Todiscoverthebeautyofourcountryrequiresmuchintelligence,buttodefineitisadifferentmatter.35.Thatdidnotanswer;thesherrywasalittletoodry.A.Hiseffortsofsellingsherryprovedafailure;thesherrywasnotmoistenough.B.Nobodyansweredhishawking;peopledidnotbuyhissherrybecauseitwastoodry.C.Histrailofsellingsherrydidnotprovideasolution;hesoonbecametiredofitagain.D.Hedidnotgetmoneyinthisbusiness;thesherrydriedoutandhehadnothingtosell.36.Nothingwastoogoodforthatchild(Laura).A.Lauradeservedwhateverherparentsdidforher.B.Laurawasaspoiltchildandshewashardtoplease.C.Lauranevertookherparents’loveandcareforgranted.D.Laurawasuntouchednomatterwhatherparentsdidforher.37.Noonereallyexpectsavacationtriptoproduceaclosefriend.A.Noteveryonebelievesthatpeopletheymeetduringaholidaytripcouldbecomeclosefriends.B.Noteveryonethinksclosefriendshipcanbedevelopedamongfellowtravelersduringavacationtrip.C.Peopleeverywherearesoeagerforfriendshipthattheywanttomakeclosefriendsduringavacationtrip.D.Thoughtheymayhopeso.Peopledon’tthinkitispossibletoformclosefriendshipduringaholidaytrip.38.Childisabelievingcreature.Cliffundoubtedlybelievedthem.A.Achildalwayswantsadultstobelievehim.B.Achildreadilyacceptswhatadultssay.C.Achildneverrejectswhatadultstellhimtodo.D.Achildneverthinksthatadultscanberight.39.Theherocreatedhimself;thecelebrityiscreatedbythemedia.A.Theherowasadmiredforwhattheyhaddoneforsociety;thecelebrityburstontothescenebytheworkofthemedia.B.Theheromadeitthroughtheirownefforts;thecelebrityachievesfamebecauseofhisgoodrelationswiththemedia.C.Theheroofthepastwasactive;today'scelebrityispassive.D.Theheropublicizedhimself;thecelebrityispublicizedbythemedia40.Instricttruthaninventionisalmostneverthesoleproductofanyonemind.A.Itistruethatnoinventionissointelligentandcompetentthathecanhituponagoodideaalone.B.Precisely,noproductcanbeperfectedbythesoleinventor;ittakesmorethanonemantodothejob.C.Strictlyspeaking,nearlyallinventionsaretheresultofthecombinedeffortofmanypeople.D.Truly,ifinventorswanttocreatesomethingwonderfultheymustputtheirmindstogetherⅣ.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)Readthetwopassagesandanswerthequestions.(20points)Passage1Britainalmostmorethananyothercountryintheworldmustseriouslyfacetheproblemofbuildingupwards,thatistosayofaccommodatingaconsiderableproportionofitspopulationinhighblocksofflats.ItissaidthattheEnglishmanobjectstothistypeofexistence,butifthecaseissuch,hedoesinfactdifferfromtheinhabitantsofmostcountriesoftheworldtoday.Inthepastourownblocksofflatshavebeenassociatedwiththelower-incomegroupsandtheyhavelackedtheobviousprovisions,suchascentralheating,constanthotwatersupply,electricallyoperatedliftsfromtoptobottom,aswellassuchdetails,importantnotwithstanding(然而),aseasyfacilitiesfordisposalofdustandrubbishandstorageplacesforbabycarriagesonthegroundfloor,playgroundsforchildrenonthetopofthebuildings,anddryinggroundsforwashing.Itislikelythatthedisputeregardingflatsversus(对抗)individualhouseswillcontinuetorageonforalongtimeasfarasBritainisconcerned.Anditisunfortunatethatthereshouldbehotfeelingsonbothsideswheneverthissubjectisraised.Thosewhoopposethebuildingofflatsbasetheircaseprimarilyontheassumption(设想)thateveryoneprefersanindividualhomeandgardenandonthehighcostperunitofaccommodation.Thelatterignoresthehighercostofprovidingfullservicestoascatteredcommunityandthecostinbothmoneyandtimeofthejourneystoworkforthesuburbanresident.41.Wecaninferfromthepassagethat________.A.Englishpeople,likemostpeopleinothercountries,dislikelivinginflatsB.peopleinmostcountriesoftheworldtodayarenotopposedtolivinginflatsC.peopleinBritainareforcedtomoveintohighblocksofflatsD.modernflatsstillfailtoprovidethenecessaryfacilitiesforliving42.WhatissaidabouttheblocksofflatsbuiltinthepastinBritain?A.Theyweremostlyinhabitedbypeoplewhodidnotearnmuch.B.Theywereusuallynotlargeenoughtoaccommodatebigfamilies.C.Theyweresoldtopeoplebeforenecessaryfacilitieswereinstalled.D.Theyprovidedplaygroundforchildrenonthetopofthebuildings.43.Theword“rage”means“________”.A.beignoredB.developwithgreatforceC.encouragepeoplegreatlyD.beinfashion44.Somepeopleopposethebuildingofflatsbecause__________.A.thelivingexpensesforeachindividualfamilyarehigherB.itinvolveshighercostcomparedwiththebuildingofhousesC.theybelievepeopleliketoliveinhouseswithgardensD.thedisposalofrubbishremainsaproblemforthoselivinginflats45.Theauthormentionsthatpeoplewholiveinsuburbanhouses__________.A.donothaveaccesstoeasyfacilitiesbecausetheyliveawayfromthecityB.havetopayalotofmoneytoemploypeopletodoserviceworkC.takelongertimetoknoweachotherbecausetheyareascatteredcommunityD.havetospendmoremoneyandtimetravelingtoworkeverydayPassage2Manyayoungpersontellsmehewantstobeawriter.Ialwaysencouragesuchpeople,butalsoexplainthatthere'sabigdifferencebetween“beingawriter”andwriting.Inmostcasestheseindividualsaredreamingofwealthandfame,notthelonghoursaloneatatypewriter.“You'vegottowanttowrite,”Isaytothem,“notwanttobeawriter”.Therealityisthatwritingisalonely,privateandpoorpayingaffair.Foreverywriterkissedbyfortunetherearethousandsmorewhoselongingisneverrewarded.WhenIlefta20-yearcareerintheU.S.CoastGuardtobecomeafreelancewriter(自由撰稿人),Ihadnoprospectsatall.WhatIdidhavewasafriendwhofoundmeinmyroominaNewYorkapartmentbuilding.Itdidn'tevenmatterthatitwascoldandhadnobathroom.Iimmediatelyboughtausedmanualtypewriterandfeltlikeagenuinewriter.Afterayearorso,however,Istillhadn'tgottenabreakandbegantodoubtmyself.Itwassohardtosellastorythatbarelymadeenoughtoeat.ButIknewIwantedtowrite.Ihaddreamedaboutitforyears.Iwasn'tgoingtobeoneofthosepeoplewhodiewondering.Whatif?Iwouldkeepputtingmydreamtothetestevenenoughitmeantlivingwithuncertaintyandfearoffailure.ThisistheShadowlandofhope,andanyonewithadreammustlearntolivethere.46.Thepassageismeantto________.A.warnyoungpeopleofthehardshipsthatasuccessfulwriterhastoexperienceB.adviseyoungpeopletogiveuptheirideaofbecomingaprofessionalwriterC.showyoungpeopleit'sunrealisticforawritertopursuewealthandfameD.encourageyoungpeopletopursueawritingcareer47.Whatcanbeconcludedfromthepassage?A.Genuinewritersoftenfindtheirworkinterestingandrewarding.B.Awriter'ssuccessdependsonluckratherthanoneffort.C.Famouswritersusuallyliveinpovertyandisolation.D.Thechancesforawritertobecomesuccessfularesmall.48.Whydidtheauthorbegintodoubthimselfafterthefirstyearofhiswritingcareer?A.Hewasn'tabletoproduceasinglebook.B.Hehadn'tseenachangeforbetterlife.C.Hewasn'tabletohavearestforawholeyear.D.Hefoundhisdreamwouldnevercometrue.49.“…peoplewhodiewondering.Whatif?”refersto“those_______”.A.whothinktoomuchofthedarksideoflifeB.whoregretgivinguptheircareerhalfwayC.whothinkalotwithoutmakingadecisionD.whoarefullofimaginationevenupondeath50.“Shadowland”inthelastsentencerefersto_______.A.thewonderlandoneoftendreamsaboutB.thebrightfuturethatoneislookingforwardtoC.thestateofuncertaintybeforeone'sfinalgoalisreachedD.aworldthatexistsonlyinone'simagination.V.词形转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswitha(compound)wordderivedfromtheone(s)giveninbrackets.(10points)51.Ifwedon'tstartoutnow,wemustrisk_______thetrain.(miss)52.Ittookheracoupleofhoursto______________thenewwordsinthetext.(memory)53.Anew_______drughasbeendevelopedrecently.(cancer)54.Gandhiwasfamousforhis_______andnegotiationpolicy.(violent)55.Hewasvery_______tohiswifeinallways.(help)56.Hissudden_______kepthiminBeijingforthreemonths.(ill)57._______helpsonetogoforward.(modest)58.Theprofessorgaveavery_______lectureonthemarketeconomyyesterday.(inform)59.Neverindulgein_______asit'sharmfultoyourhealth.(drink)60.It’sonlya(n)_______meeting,andyoudon’thavetobeinfulldress.(formal)Ⅵ.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)TranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish.(15points)61.我只不过是想关心别人,也希望受到他人的关心,我的要求并不过分。62.在中国一般的城市家庭由三个成员组成父亲、母亲和孩子。63.母亲从不屈服于在我成长过程中遇到的困难。64.那次不寻常的经历使鲍勃变成一个耐心、宽容的人。65.“置于儿童不能拿到之处。”Ⅶ.作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字左右的短文。(本大题共1小题,共15分)Writeashortcompositionofabout150wordsbasedononeofthetextsyouhavelearnt.(15points)66.“Everystudentshouldregularlyexperiencethe‘Aha!’whensomethingyouneverunderstood,orsomethingyouneverknewwasamystery,becomesclear.”

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