全国历年试题:2021年4月自考综合英语(二)试题

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 107 次

自学考试
I.GRAMMARANDVOCABULARYCompleteeachofthefollowing15sentenceswiththemostlikelyanswer.Writethelettercorrespondingtoyourchoiceontheanswersheet.(1pointeach,15pointsinall)1.Iwasshockedbythenumberofpeoplewhoseemedtohavenothingbettertodowiththeirtimethan______toknowfishbetter.A.getB.getsC.gettingD.got2.Notallbirdscanfly,______doallbirdsbuildnests.A.notB.noC.neverD.nor3.Whenyoufallinloveforthefirsttime,it’ssurprising______inconveniencesyoucanputupwith.A.thatB.whatC.whichD.those4.Iknowmylimitations,soIwon’tdoanything______myability.A.beyondB.underC.aboveD.below5.Thehostsapologizedfor______thatsomeoftheirguestsmightbevegetarians.A.havingnotconsideredB.nothavingconsideredC.havingnotbeenconsideringD.notconsidering6.Mrs.Smithlockedboththefrontandthebackdoorsbeforeshewenttobed______thatsomeonemightstealintothehouseatnight.A.soB.forfearC.unlessD.oncondition7.Wehavetowaitforthebus,______?A.haveweB.haven’tweC.doweD.don’twe8.______thepopularityofrobotsinJapan,thecountry’srobot-productiongrowthisslowingdown.A.AsB.AlthoughC.WithD.Despite9.Theproposaldeservessupportasitgives______totheneedsofchildren.A.curiosityB.awarenessC.priorityD.emphasis10.Thosefamiliarwitheveningdresswillalways______blackwithelegance.A.linkB.associateC.connectD.relate11.Ifyou’resittingaroundalonelycampfireatnight,thehowlofawolfcansoundpretty______.A.fearfulB.threateningC.dreadfulD.frightening12.Thesuspectcooperatedfullywiththepolicewhen______abouthisroleintheincident.A.requiredB.questionedC.demandedD.negotiated13.Homingpigeonisusefulasa______carrierbecausewhentakenfromhome,itwillreturnatthefirstopportunity.A.meaningB.informationC.messageD.content14.OneoftheresponsibilitiesoftheCoastGuardistomakesurethatallships______followtrafficrulesinbusyharbors.A.convenientlyB.obedientlyC.sufficientlyD.reluctantly15.Shewasso______thenoisethatshesentthechildrentobed.A.brokendownbyB.filledinwithC.takenoverbyD.fedupwithII.CLOZEFillineachofthe15blanksinthepassagewiththemostlikelyanswer.Writethelettercorrespondingtoyourchoiceontheanswersheet.(1pointeach,15pointsinall)Aquarteroftheworld’spopulationnowspeaksEnglish.Ifyouwantto16yourproducts,oryourself,youhavenochoice17todoitinEnglish.PoliticiansandbusinesspeoplemustspeakEnglishiftheywanttomaketheirmark18theworld’sstage.Writersofminoritylanguagescan19hopetoselltheirbooksunlesstheywriteinEnglish.AsEnglishisspokenallovertheworld,itmeansthatnoindividualcountrycanreallyexercisea20influenceoverit.Inthepast,itwasthemothertongue21whocontrolledthefutureofthelanguage.Now,indeedforthelastfewdecades,themothertongueusersareinasignificant22.Thismeansthatthecharacterofthelanguagecouldwell23withnewwords,newrhythms,andnewpronunciations.Itisn’tgoingtobeBritishandAmericanEnglishanymore-that’s24.Allovertheworldeducationauthoritiesarestrugglingtofindtheresourcestomeetthe25forEnglish.However,itisopentoquestionwhethertheyareputtingalltheireggsinone26.ThefutureofEnglishlanguageisintimately27theelectronicrevolution.SatellitetelevisionandtheInternethavehelpedacceleratethe28ofEnglish,butwillthatalwaysbethecase?TheInternet,29,isnowseenasthesaviourofminoritylanguages.Indeed,withthecontinuingimprovementsinelectronictranslation,willweevenneeda(n)30language?Itisopentoquestion.16.A.sellB.makeC.produceD.trade17.A.andB.butC.ratherD.or18.A.onB.withC.forD.at19.A.everB.stillC.nolongerD.nomore20.A.negativeB.typicalC.subtleD.dominant21.A.speakersB.followersC.believersD.interpreters22.A.groupB.numberC.amountD.minority23.A.alterB.differC.shiftD.vary24.A.oldB.newC.historyD.future25.A.wantB.pursuitC.demandD.desire26.A.boxB.basketC.bagD.container27.A.restrictedtoB.drawntoC.tiedupwithD.caughtupwith28.A.rangeB.scopeC.spreadD.coverage29.A.asaresultB.asaruleC.inadditionD.infact30.A.globalB.uniqueC.worldlyD.internationalⅢ.PARAPHRASINGChoosetheclosestparaphrasedversionaftereachofthefollowingsentencesortheitalicizedpart.Writethelettercorrespondingtoyourchoiceontheanswersheet.(1pointeach,10pointsinall)31.Bydefinition,heroesandheroinesaremenandwomendistinguishedbyuncommoncourage,achievements,andself-sacrificemademostoftenforthebenefitofothers-theyarepeopleagainstwhomwemeasureothers.A....wedisagreewiththemwhenjudgingothers.B....wethinkmorehighlyofthemthanothersdo.C....webelieveotherpeoplearedifferentfromthem.D....weusethemasthestandardwhenevaluatingothers.32.Manypeoplehavearatheracutesenseoftheshortnessofeachlifetime.A.Manypeoplerealizethattheyareshortoftime.B.Manypeoplefeelkeenlythattheirlifeisshort.C.Manypeoplearesensibleonlyforashortperiodoftime.D.Manypeoplewouldlikeverymuchtoprolongtheirlife.33.Asascientist,shelearnedwithsadnessthatlittleinNatureistrulybeyondthetamperingreachofman.A.…itisdifficultformantocompetewithNature.B.…itisimpossibleformantobenefitfromNature.C.…Naturecanhardlyescapefromman’sinterference.D.…Natureisreallymorepowerfulthanhumanbeings.34.ThesebitsofinformationandthelistofDgradeswerealltherecordshadtooffer.A.Thesebitsofinformationexplainedhispoorgrades.B.Hispoorgradeswererelatedtothesebitsofinformation.C.Whatcouldbefoundintherecordswerethosethingsrequiredtobethere.D.Therecordsgavenothingmorethanthesebitsofinformationandpoorgrades.35.Peoplewereonlyshapesindense,grayfogofdustandash.A.Thedustyairmadepeoplebarelyvisible.B.Theairwastoopollutedforpeopletobreathe.C.Peoplehardlystayedinshapeinsuchdirtyair.D.Peoplewerealmostburiedinthickdustandash.36.Itwouldnotbedifficulttocompilealistofsuchsurprisesthatwouldfillthenextfiftypages,butIwillcontentmyselfwithsuggestingthefirstfewthatoccurtome.A....Ifeelsatisfiedwiththefirstfewexamplesinmymind.B....IamsurprisedwiththenumberofsuggestionsIcangive.C....thefirstfewexamplesarethebestonesthatsatisfymycuriosity.D....thefirstfewsurprisescomingtomewouldbeenoughasexamples.37.IfIloveyou,Icanseeyouasaseparateperson,withyourownvaluesandthoughtsandfeelings,andIdonotinsistthatyousurrenderyouridentityandconformtoanimageofwhatIexpectyoutobeforme.A....Idon’twantyoutolosehopeandthenblamemeforit.B....Iwon’tforceyoutobeindependentandyoucanrelyonme.C....Idon’texpectyoutofollowmystepandbecomesimilartome.D...Iwon’tpushyoutoloseyourselfandbecomewhatIlikeyoutobe.38.Ifdisappointed,though,she[mymother]wastednoenergyonself-pity.ShewouldmakememakesomethingofmyselfwhetherIwantedtoornot.A.Dissatisfiedasshewas,sheremainedasdeterminedasbefore.B.Facedwithdiscouragements,sheneverlostherenergeticspirits.C.Nothingcouldletherdowneventhoughnoonesympathizedwithher.D.Therewasenoughself-confidenceinhertodealwithdisappointments.39.Mymaternalgrandfather,itistrue,wascutoffintheflowerofhisyouthattheageofsixty-seven.A.Mymaternalgrandfatherretiredfromgardeningatsixty-seven.B.Mymaternalgrandfatherdiedyoung,whenhewassixty-seven.C.Mymaternalgrandfatherlostenergywhenhewassixty-seven.D.Mymaternalgrandfatherwasconsiderednolongeryoungatsixty-seven.40.Far-reachingasmanyofthem[Edison’sinventions]havebeenintheireffectuponmoderncivilization,thetotaleffectofEdison’scareersurpassesthesumofallofthem.A.OnecanneverevaluateEdison’sgreatinventionshighenough.B.OneneedstounderstandEdison’sinventionstoappreciatehiscareer.C.Edison’sinventionsarehismostoutstandingcontributionstohumanlife.D.Edison’sinfluenceuponhumansocietyismuchgreaterthanhisinventions.IV.READINGCOMPREHENSIONReadthetwopassagesandchoosethemostlikelyanswertoeachofthequestions.Writethelettercorrespondingtoyourchoiceontheanswersheet(2pointseach,20pointsinall)Passage1Friendshipandfriendscontinuetoremaincentraltoourlives.Therelationshipthatwesharewithourfriendsisgroundedinamutualconcernasourfriendshelpusinshapingupourpersonalitiesaswell.Eveninthisageofonlinesocialnetworking,theneedofexpandingthenetworkoffriends,whetheronlineorofflineremainsaprimaryconcernforpeople.Wemayhaveaveryvagueunderstandingofwhatmakesafriendbutweallwanttohaveagoodmanyfriendsaroundus.Researchhasshownthatthequalityandnatureofyourfriendsareoneofthekeyinfluencingfactorsinachievinghappinessandsatisfaction.Friendsoftenaffectthehealthandenergyofapersonaswell.Moreandmorepeopleareincreasinglyturningtowardstheirfriendsforsupportandmutualsharingratherthancommunicatingtotheirrelatives;thissociologicalphenomenonhasescalatedthedesiretomakemorefriends.Thoughfriendshipisarelationshipdevelopedbetweentwoindividualsmarkedbyavoluntary,emotionalandmutualconcern,therearecertainsteps,which,iffollowed,canwinyoufriendsoratleasthelpyougetclosetothosewhomyouwanttomakefriendswith.Thefirststeptomakefriendswithsomeoneistomakethemlikeyou.Iftheydon’tlikeyouinthefirstplace,itisunlikelythatthey’llbeeagertobecomeyourfriends.Toletsomeoneknowthatyouaregenuinelyinterestedinthem,simplegestureslikealittlesmileandcallinghimbyhisfirstnamecanlaythebasicfoundation.Tomaketheotherpersonfeelimportantyouneedtobeagoodlistenerandencouragetheotherpersontotalk.Giveyourhonestandsincereopinionbutdonotovertlycriticizeormakefunofhimorher.Thesecondstepofmakingsomeoneyourfriendistodevelopamutualconsiderationbetweeneachother.Youneedtosharehisorherperspectiveandforthatitisnecessaryforyoutodevelopatendencytoseethingsfromtheotherperson’spointofview.Tobecomebestoffriendsyoumustshowagenuineconcernandconsiderationforyourfriend’sdesiresandopinions.Thethirdandfinalsteptowardsfriendshipistoshowyourunconditionalsupportandencouragementtowardsyourfriend.Moreover,youalsoneedtobeveryclearaboutyourexpectationsfromyourfriend.Ifwhatyouexpectfromthepersonyouwanttobefriendmatcheswithwhatthatpersoncanandwanttocontributeinfriendship,thedevelopingfriendshipbetweenyouandyourfriendisassuredtogrow,makingbothofyougratifiedwithmutualemotionalbonding.Friendshiphasoverwhelmingsignificanceonbothsocialandindividuallevels.Friendshipdoesn’tonlyprovideuswithemotionalaswellaspracticalsupportbutitalsohelpsusimproveourpersonalidentities.Soitisquitenaturaltofeeltheurgetoreachoutandmakenewfriends,expandingyourfriend’scircle.Friendshipremainsfamiliaryetquiteambiguous(模糊的)forourdeeperunderstanding,butthenagain,friendsremainthemostimportantingredientsintherecipeoflife!41.Therelationshipbetweenfriendsisbasedon______.A.thesocialnetworkingaroundfriendsB.friends’caringandhelpingeachotherC.thestylefriendschoosetocommunicateD.anunclearunderstandingofwhatmakesafriend42.Whichofthefollowingstatementshasbeenprovedcorrect?A.Thebetterqualityyourfriendshave,thehappieryouwillbe.B.Communicationwithfriendsishealthierthanthatwithrelatives.C.Themorefriendsyouhave,themoresatisfiedyouarewithyourself.D.Thoseyoulikeinthefirstplacearemorelikelytobecomeyourfriends.43.Theword“escalated”inthesecondparagraphprobablymeans______.A.intensifiedB.challengedC.shiftedD.resisted44.Itcanbeinferredfromthefirstsuggestedstepthat______isNOTlikelytowinyoufriends.A.makingotherstalkB.beingverytalkativeC.tellingpeopleyoulikethemD.addressingothersinaninformalway45.Whatstructuredoestheauthorusetoorganizethispassage?A.Effect-cause.B.Comparison-contrast.C.General-specific-general.D.Definition-explanation-example.Passage2Everysinglestudentthatappliesforaclassorcourseonlinehascertainexpectationsandtheyareoftenextremelyhigh.Unfortunatelyformostindividuals,theywillbedisappointed.Itisafactthatthemajorityofindividualsbelievethattheywillactuallyenjoyeveryaspectoftheircourse.Thetruthisthatthereisverylittleinadegreetoinspireuntilanindividualactuallycompletesthecourseandisawardedthedegreeorcertificatethatcouldchangehisorherlife.Thisisnodifferentwithanonlineeducationand,infact,thedisappointmentmaybemoreobviousbecausetheymayfaceextradifficultiesinanonlinecourse.Onlineeducationexpectationsareoftenincrediblyhigh,aspreviouslystated,intermsofwhatanindividualcangetfromitaswellasthemanageabilityofthecontentitself.However,althoughanindividualwillultimatelybeprovenrightaboutwhatheorshecangetfromit,thiswillnotbethecaseformanageability.Mostonlineeducationcoursesareanythingbutmanageableforthosewhodecidetotakethem.Thelevelofworkwouldbethesameasanyotherdegreeorqualificationcourse,butanindividualisexpectedtomanageitonhisorherowninsteadofhavingatutororlecturertheretoremindhimorheraboutassignmentsanddeadlines.Timemanagementisextremelyimportant,butthenatureoftheseindividuals’lifeoftenmakesitimpossibletomanagewithoutfeelingthestressesandstrainsoftheburden.Itisimportanttoberealisticwithyourexpectationsconcerninganonlineeducationcourse,butmanyarecompletelyunrealistic.Ifyoureadanyoftheaccountsfromstudentsthathavealreadytakenandmayhaveevenpassedanonlineeducationcourse,manywillspeakinglowingterms;butyoushouldalsoreadbetweenthelines.Theyclaimthattheirexpectationswillultimatelybefulfilledintermsofthelong-termbenefits.However,intheshorttermtheymaysaytheyfounditdifficulttocopewiththeworkload,thelackoftimethattheyactuallyhadtocompleteit,anunsupportiveemployerandsoon.Thislastpointmaynotbeanissueifyouaredoingittoadvanceyourselfwithinyourcurrentworkplace,buttherewillotherwisebesomesortofresentmentbubblingunderthesurfaceandthatcanindeedmakeyourlifeamiseryforalittlewhile.Ifyouexpectitandprepareforitthenitshouldnotbotheryoutoomuch,andiftheresentmentdoesnotcomethensomuchthebetter!Intermsofyourownexpectations,thebestattitudetohaveisnottogoinwithanyatall.Ifyoudonotexpectanythingthenyoumaybepleasantlysurprised.Itcanbedifficulttofitanonlineeducationinwithpersonalcommitments,suchasafamilytolookafterorajobtogotoeverydaywhilsttryingtostudy.Itdoestakealotofeffort,butifyoudonotexpectittobeeasyorexpectthatyouwilljustbeabletodoitwithoutthebalanceofyourlifebeingupsetasaresult,thenyouwillprobablyfindthatyoudogetasenseofsatisfactionfromit!Similarly,ifyouexpecttheworstthenyouwillprobablybepleasantlysurprised!Managingyourexpectationscanbedifficult,butdonotletthemgetthebetterofyou!46.Themanageabilityismoredifficultinonlinecoursesthaninanyothercoursebecause______.A.onlinecoursesrequirehigherlevelofworkB.onlinecoursesbringmuchmoreassignmentsC.onlinecoursetakershavenowaytocontacttheirlecturersD.onlinecoursetakershavetorelyonthemselvesformanagement47.Accordingtothepassage,onemaynothavetheproblemofanunsupportiveemployerif______.A.heisfullypreparedtodealwithanyresentmentfromhisbossB.hisonlineeducationwillbebeneficialtohiscurrentworkplaceC.hisexpectationswillbefulfilledintheformoflong-termbenefitsD.hecandiscusstheissuewidthhisbossopenlyandbravelyonthetable48.Accordingtothewriterofthispassage,one’ssatisfactioninonlineeducationmightcomefrom______.A.highexpectationsB.diligenteffortsC.arealisticattitudeD.aproperbalance49.Inthelastsentenceofthispassage,thephrase“getthebetterofyou”probablymeans“______”.A.makeafoolofyouB.takeadvantageofyouC.gettoofancyforyoutoimagineD.becometoohighforyoutocontrol50.Thispassageiswrittenmainlyforthepurposeof______.A.inspiringitsreaderstofulfilltheirexpectationsthroughhardworkB.persuadingitsreaderstobemorepracticalwiththeirpersonalcommitmentsC.informingitsreadersaboutthedisadvantagesofthecoursestheytakeonlineD.preparingitsreadersforthehardshipstheymayencounterinonlineeducationV.WORDDERIVATIONCompleteeachofthefollowingsentenceswitha(compound)wordderivedfromtheone(s)giveninbrackets.Writeyourwordontheanswersheet.(1pointeach,10pointsinall)51.Therailwaystationhasalwaysbeenafascinatingplace,representingdepartureaswellas______.(arrive)52.Aclimatethatisextremeintemperature,whetheritbetoohotortoocold,isnot______.(desire)53.Tropicalrainforestisaforestoftalltreesinaregionofyear-round______andplentifulrainfall.(warm)54.Weoftenhearofpeoplebreakingdownfrom______,butinninecasesoutoftentheyarereallysufferingfromworryoranxiety.(work,over)55.The______redstrawberriesmakeanicedecorationontopofthecake.(juice)56.Moreandmorebusinessmenhaverealizedthatitisimportantto______theirproductsininternationaltrade.(standard)57.Theearthquake-strickenareareceived______helpfromitsneighboringprovinces.(time)58.Whatisconsideredmoralinonesocietymaybe______inanother,dependingondifferentsocialvalues.(moral)59.Youngpeoplewillneedtolearnto______theresponsibilityoftheirowndecisions.(shoulder)60.Specialguidanceandhelpneedtobeprovidedtothe______membersofthestaff.(qualified)VI.SENTENCETRANSLATIONTurnthefollowingsentencesintoEnglishandwriteyoursentencesontheanswersheet.(3pointseach,15pointsinall)61.公司越来越多地借助高科技来保护计算机的安全。62.学生们应该首先根据他们的兴趣来选专业。63.名人生活压力很大,因为不管他们表面多光鲜,他们基本上没有隐私和安全感。64.在应聘工作时,应聘者应积极参与谈话,但不应喧宾夺主。65.经过三个月的投诉,我终于让百货商场经理退还了多收我的二十块钱。VII.WRITINGWriteacompositionontheanswersheetinabout150words,basingyourselfononeofthetextsyouhavelearned.(15points)Topic:DescribethechangesBarrenttexperiencedandexplainthereasonbasedonthetext“TakeOver,Bos’n!”Usethefollowingoutline:thesituationthesailorswereintheconflictbetweenSnyder,thecaptain,andBarrentt,thethirdofficertheroleBarrenttplayedthecauseforBarrentt’schange

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