全国历年试题:2021年1月自考综合英语(二)试题

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 114 次

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I.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswiththemostlikelyanswer.(15points)1.Chinais_______oldcountrywith_______longhistory.A.an,aB.an,theC.the,aD.the,/2.Wecouldnotseethemoon,foracloudcame_______.A.atbetweenB.inbetweenC.forbetweenD.onbetween3.Weallthinkofyouasthemostsuitableoneto_______thework.A.takeadvantageofB.takecareofC.takechargeofD.takein4.Someofthehotelsinourdistrictaretooexpensiveforordinarypeopleto_______foranight.A.stayatB.stayupC.stayofD.stayaway5.ItmustbeJohn.Whoelsewould_____hedoes?A.workhardasB.beworkingashardasC.doharderworkthanD.workharderthan6.Hishealthhasbegunto______nowthatheisold.A.declineB.decreaseC.declareD.defeat7.Leaveatonce_______I’llbeatyou.A.andB.orC.howeverD.but8.“Whydidn’tyoutellmethisbefore?”“I_______butIdidn’thavethechance.”A.wouldB.wouldhaveC.wouldratherD.could9.Thelinewasbusy.Someone_______thetelephone.A.mustbeusingB.mustuseC.musthavebeenusingD.shouldhavebeenusing10.Thebossurgedhisworkers_______.A.awayB.offC.upD.on11.Iknowyouwillnotletme_______.A.inB.upC.downD.out12.Occasionallysheandherhusband_______rideintothecountryforapicnic.A.couldB.mustC.wouldD.should13.Ifyoubuytwobooks,you’llgetanotherone_______A.thrownawayB.thrownoffC.thrownupD.thrownin14.As_______health,IhavenothingusefultosayasIhavelittleexperienceofillness.A.regardsB.regardC.regardlessD.regarding15.ThetotaleffectofEdison’scareer_____thesumofallofhisinventions.A.excelsB.succeedsC.affectsD.surpassesII.完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)Fillineachblankinthepassagewiththemostlikelyanswer.(15points)Jenna,apopulargirlfromWestwoodMiddleSchool,hadgraduatedfirstinherclassandwasreadyfornew16inhighschool.However,highschoolwasdifferent.Inthefirstweek,Jennawenttotryouts(选拔赛)forcheerleaders(拉拉队队员).Shewascompetingagainstverytalentedgirls,andsheknewitwouldbe17forhertobeselected.Twohourslater,the18readalistofthegirlsforasecondtryout.Herheart19asthelistendedwithouthername.Feeling20,shewalkedhomecarryingherschoolbagfullofhomework.Arrivinghome,shestartedwithmath.Shehadalwaysbeenagoodmathstudent,butnowshewas21.ShemovedontoEnglishandhistory,andwasrelievedtofindthatshedidn’thaveanytroublewiththosesubjects.Feelingbetter,shedecidednotto22mathforthetimebeing.ThenextdayJennawenttoseeMrs.Bidenaboutbeingontheschool23.Mrs.Bidenwasn’tas24asJenna.“I’msorry,butwehaveenoughwritersforthenewspaperalready.Comebacknextyearandwe’lltalkthen.”Jennasmiled25andleft.“Whyishighschoolso26?”shesighed.Laterin27class,Jennadevotedherselftofiguringouttheproblemsthathadgivenhersomuch28.Bytheendofclass,sheunderstoodhowtogetthemright.Asshegatheredherbooks,Jennadecidedshe’dcontinuetotrytofitinathernewschool.Shewasn’tsureifshe’dsucceed,butsheknewshehadto29.Highschoolwasjustashermomhadsaid:“Youwillfeellikeasmallfishinabigpond30abigfishinasmallpond.Thechallengeistobecomethebestfishyoucanbe.”16.A.processesB.decisionC.challengesD.exercises17.A.difficultB.easyC.boringD.interesting18.A.editorB.bossC.candidateD.judge19.A.jumpedB.sankC.stoppedD.raced20.A.strangeB.happyC.awfulD.lonely21.A.strugglingB.improvingC.workingD.complaining22.A.putupB.prepareforC.worryaboutD.giveup23.A.committeeB.newspaperC.radioD.team24.A.enthusiasticB.artisticC.sympatheticD.realistic25.A.widelyB.weaklyC.excitedlyD.brightly26.A.similarB.ordinaryC.differentD.familiar27.A.physicsB.historyC.EnglishD.math28.A.pleasureB.hopeC.troubleD.sorrow29.A.swimB.tryC.askD.escape30.A.inreturnforB.incaseofC.intermsofD.insteadofIII.难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Choosetheclosestparaphrasedversionforeachofthesentencesoritalicizedparts.(10points)31.Ourpassiontounderstandtheuniverseandourcompassionforothersjointlyprovidethechiefhopeforthehumanrace.A.People’senthusiasmabouttheuniverseandtheirprofoundsympathyforothersareconsideredthetwomajorhopesofthehumanrace.B.Thehopeforthehumanraceliesmainlyinourenthusiasmabouttheuniverseandourprofoundsympathyforothers.C.Thehopeofthehumanracereferstoeitherpeople’senthusiasmabouttheuniverseorpeople’sprofoundsympathyforothers.D.Thehopeforthehumanraceliesmainlyineitherourenthusiasmabouttheuniverseorourprofoundsympathyforothers.32.Onceyouturnoveranewleaf,youcan’texpecttochangecompletelyrightaway.A.Youreadabookfromthefirstpage.B.Youchangeyourwaysforthebetter.C.Youpickafreshleaffromthetree.D.Youstartdoingsomethingnew.33.Younolongerneedtomakementalconversionsofthecountry’smoney.A.Youneedn’tchangethecountry’smoneytoyourcountry’smoneyinmindbecauseyouhaveadjustedtoliveinthatcountry.B.Youneedn’tchangethecountry’smoneytoyourcountry’smoneyinmindbecauseyounolongerreturnit.C.Youneedn’tchangethecountry’smoneytoyourcountry’smoneyinmindbecauseyoucan’tcalculateit.D.Youneedn’tchangethecountry’smoneytoyourcountry’smoneyinmindbecauseyouhavetriedtodothat.34.Romanceistheprivilegeoftherich,nottheprofessionoftheunemployed.A.Arichpersonwhodoesn’thaveajobcanstillhavetherighttofallinlove.B.Onlyrichpeoplehavetherighttofallinlove,whilethosewhoarepoorandoutofworkdon’thavethatright.C.Richasapersonis,ifheloseshisjob,hedoesn’thavetherighttofallinlove.D.Poorasapersonis,ifheisnotoutofwork,hestillhastherighttofallinlove.35.Shefeltwellenoughtobeupandabout.A.Shefeltthatshecouldstandupandwalkaroundthehouse.B.Shefeltshehasrecoveredfromillness.C.Shefeltwellenoughtodoanything.D.Shefeltwellenoughtogoeverywhere.36.Courtesyisoftennothingthanahighlydevelopedsenseoffairplay.A.Courtesyisnotahighlydevelopedsenseoffairplay.B.Courtesyismorethanahighlydevelopedsenseoffairplay.C.Courtesyisjustahighlydevelopedsenseoffairplay.D.Courtesyismoreimportantthanfairplay.37.Theywouldn’tletyoudowninacrisis.A.Theywouldn’tleaveyoualoneintimesofdifficulty.B.Theywouldn’tdisappointyouintimesofdifficulty.C.Theywouldn’tstaywithyoutocopewithdifficulty.D.Theywoulddowhatevertheycouldtohelpyou.38.Thebeautyofourcountryisashardtodefineasitiseasytoenjoy.A.Thebeautyofourcountryiseasytoappreciatebutdifficulttodescribe.B.Thebeautyofourcountryisimpossibletounderstandanddepict.C.Thewordbeautyishardtodefine.D.Thebeautyofourcountryisnoticeable,soit’seasytodescribeit.39.SinceIattainedalittlefameIhaveonoccasionbeenaddressedbystrangers.A.SinceIbecamealittlefamous,somestrangershaveoccasionallyvisitedme.B.BecauseIobtainedalittlefame,somestrangershaveoccasionallyvisitedme.C.SinceIbecamesomewhatfamous,somestrangershaveoccasionallyaskedmeaboutmyaddress.D.SinceIbecamesomewhatfamous,somestrangerswouldcomeuptotalktomefromtimetotime.40.…youcantakeupjustwhereyouleftoff.A.…youcancontinuejustatwhereyoustopped.B.…youcanbeginjustwhatyouhaveleft.C.…youcantakejustwhatyouhaveleft.D.…youcangoonjustwhichyouleft.Ⅳ.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择一个正确答案,并填在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)Readthetwopassagesandanswerthequestions.(20points)Passage1Nowletuslookathowweread.Whenwereadaprintedtext,oureyesmoveacrossapageinshort,jerkymovement.Werecognizewordsusuallywhenoureyesarestillwhentheyfixate.Eachtimetheyfixate,weseeagroupofwords.Thisisknownastherecognitionspanorthevisualspan.Thelengthoftimeofwhichtheeyesstopthedurationofthefixationvariesconsiderablyfrompersontoperson.Italsovarieswithinanyonepersonaccordingtohispurposeinreadingandhisfamiliaritywiththetext.Furthermore,itcanbeaffectedbysuchfactorsaslightingandtiredness.Unfortunately,inthepast,manyreadingimprovementcourseshaveconcentratedtoomuchonhowoureyesmoveacrosstheprintedpage.Asaresultofthismisleadingemphasisonthepurelyvisualaspectsofreading,numerousexerciseshavebeendevisedtotraintheeyestoseemorewordsatonefixation.Forinstance,insomeexercises,wordsareflashedontoascreenfor,say,atenthoratwentiethofasecond.Oneoftheexerciseshasrequiredstudentstofixtheireyesonsomecentralpoint,takinginthewordsoneitherside.Suchwordpatternsareoftenconstructedintheshapeofrathersteeppyramidssothereadertakesinmoreandmorewordsateachsuccessivefixation.Alltheseexercisesareveryclever,butit’sonethingtoimproveaperson’sabilitytoseewordsandquiteanotherthingtoimprovehisabilitytoreadatextefficiently.Readingrequirestheabilitytounderstandtherelationshipbetweenwords.Consequently,forthesereasons,manyexpertshavenowbeguntoquestiontheusefulnessofeyetraining,especiallysinceanyapproachwhichtrainsapersontoreadisolatedwordsandphraseswouldseemunlikelytohelphiminreadingacontinuoustext.41.Thetimeoftherecognitionspancanbeaffectedbythefollowingfactsexcept_______.A.one’sfamiliaritywiththetextB.one’spurposeinreadingC.thelengthofagroupofwordsD.lightingandtiredness42.Theauthormaybelievethatreading_______.A.requiresareadertotakeinmorewordsateachfixationB.requiresareadertoseewordsmorequicklyC.demandsandeeply-participatingmindD.demandsmoremindthaneyes43.Whatdoestheauthormeanbysaying“butit’sonethingtoimproveaperson’sabilitytoseewordsandquiteanotherthingtoimprovehisabilitytoreadatextefficiently”inthesecondparagraph?A.Theabilitytoseewordsisnotneededwhenanefficientreadingisconducted.B.Thereadingexercisesmentionedcan’thelptoimproveboththeabilitytoseeandtocomprehendwords.C.Thereadingexercisesmentionedcan’thelptoimproveanefficientreading.D.Thereadingexercisesmentionedhasdoneagreatjobtoimproveone’sabilitytoseewords.44.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrue?A.Thevisualspanisawordoragroupofwordsweseeeachtime.B.Manyexpertsbegantoquestiontheefficiencyofeyetraining.C.Theemphasisonthepurelyvisualaspectsismisleading.D.Theeyetrainingwillhelpreadersinreadingacontinuoustext.45.ThetoneoftheauthorinwritingthisarticleisA.criticalB.neutralC.pessimisticD.optimisticPassage2Uponreachinganappropriateage(usuallybetween18and21years),childrenareencouraged,butnotforced,to“leavethenest”andbeginanindependentlife.Afterchildrenleavehometheyoftenfindsocialrelationshipandfinancialsupportoutsidethefamily.Parentsdonotarrangemarriagesfortheirchildren,nordochildrenusuallyaskpermissionoftheirparentstogetmarried.RomanticloveismostoftenthebasisformarriageintheUnitedStates;youngadultsmeettheirfuturespouses(配偶)throughotherfriends,atjobs,andinorganizationsandreligiousinstitutions.Althoughchildrenchoosetheirownspouses,theystillhopetheirparentswillapproveoftheirchoices.Inmanyfamilies,parentsfeelthatchildrenshouldmakemajorlifedecisionsbythemselves.Aparentmaytrytoinfluenceachildtofollowaparticularprofessionbutthechildisfreetochooseanothercareer.Sometimeschildrendopreciselytheoppositeofwhattheirparentswishinordertoasserttheirindependence.Asonmaydeliberatelydecidenottogointohisfather’sbusinessbecauseofafearthathewilllosehisautonomyinhisfather’sworkplace.Thisindependencefromparentsisnotanindicationthatparentsandchildrendonotloveeachother.StronglovebetweenparentsandchildrenisuniversalandthisisnoexceptionintheAmericanfamily.CoexistingwithsuchloveintheAmericanfamilyareculturalvaluesofself-relianceandindependence.46.Thewriterdiscussesthemarriageofyoungadultsinordertoshowwhichofthefollowing?A.Theyenjoythefreedomofchoosingtheirspouses.B.Theywanttowinthepermissionoftheirparents.C.Theyhaveastrongdesiretobecomeindependent.D.Theywanttochallengetheauthorityoftheirparents.47.MostyoungadultsintheU.S.getmarriedforthesakeof_______.A.loveB.financialconcernC.theirparentsD.familybackground48.Basedonthepassage,itcanbeassumedthat_______.A.AmericanyoungadultsarelikelytofollowthesuitoftheirparentsB.mostAmericanpeoplenevermakemajordecisionsfortheirchildrenC.AmericanyoungadultspossessculturalvaluesofindependenceD.onceayoungpersonstepsintohistwenties,hewillleavehishomepermanently49.Asonisunwillingtoworkinhisfather’sbusinessmainlybecause_______.A.hewishestomakefulluseofwhathehaslearntinschoolB.hewantstoprovehisindependenceC.hewishestodotheoppositeofwhathisparentsapproveofD.hewantstoshowhisloveforhisparents50.Thesubjectmatterofthisselectionis_______.A.familyvaluesB.marriagearrangementsC.thepursuitofacareerD.decisionmakingV.词形转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)Completeeachofthefollowingsentenceswithacompoundwordderivedfromtheonegiveninbrackets.(10points)51.Don’tbeafraid.My_______arefewandreasonable.(require)52.Allherfriendswere_______ofhergoodfortune.(envy)53.Theyhavebeenthroughalottogetherintheirfiftyyearsof_______.(marry)54.We_______forthelatedepartureofthisflight.(apology)55.Forreasonsof_______allluggagemustbesearched.(secure)56.Don’tworry.Thedoctorwillcometoseeyou_______.(moment)57.Thereisaheated_______aboutthetopic.(discuss)58.Thedirectoroffereda_______approachtotheproblem.(sense)59.Theboyhasan_______toice-creaminhotweather.(incline)60.Wearemakingafew_______tothecar.(alter)Ⅵ.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)TranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish.(15points)61.口渴已经使他失去了理智。62.我们的任务是反映客观世界,而不是美化世界。63.这片沙漠绵延数百英里。64.她失去了知觉。65.哥伦布(Columbus)于1492年发现了美洲。VII.作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字左右的短文。(本大题共1小题,15分。)Writeashortcompositionofabout150wordsbasedononeofthetextsyouhavelearnt.(15points)66.“LovemeansIcareaboutthewelfareofthepersonIlove.”

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