小编为你送福利:自学考试英语(一)试题免费奉送

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 126 次

自学考试
第一部分选择题(共20分)一,阅读判断(第1-10题,每题1分,共10分)下面的短文后列出了十个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。Atwentieth-centurywomanMaryaSkodowskawasbornonNovember7,1867,inPoland.Marya’sfatherwantedhisfivechildrentogotocollege,butthefamilywaspoor.Infact,MaryaworkedforsixyearstomakemoneysohereldersisterBronyacouldstudymedicineinParis.WhenBronyafinishedmedicalschoolin1891,23-year-oldMaryawenttoParistobeginherownstudy.InJuly1893,Mariepassedherphysicsexamfirstinherclass.Atthistime,shemetPierrecurie,ayoungscientist.MarieandPierrefoundthattheyhadmuchincommon.Theybothbelievedthatsciencewasthemostimportantpartoftheirlives.Theydidn’tcareaboutmoneyoraboutbeingcomfortable.Theyfellinlove,andweremarriedonJuly26,1895.MarieandPierrewereveryhappy.Theydiscussedtheirworkaswellasthemostrecentscientificevents,suchasthediscoveryofXrays.Mariewasinterestedinthisresearchandbegantolookforunknownelementsthathadsuchrays.PierrestoppedhisownresearchinordertohelpMarieinherwork.Herealizedthatshewasabouttomakeanimportantdiscovery.In1898,theydiscoveredtwonewelementsthatgaveoffXrays.Inthosedays,nooneknewthatsuchmaterialsweredangerous.Theydidnotknowthatworkingwiththesematerialscausedtheirillness,andtheykeptworking.Finally,in1902,theyprovedthatradium(镭)isreal.OnJune25,1903,MadamebecamethefirstwomantoreceiveadoctorofsciencedegreefromtheSorbonne.Thenshereceivedanevengreateraward.In1903,MarieandPierreandHenriwereawardedtheNobelPrizeinphysics.1MaryawenttoParistobeginherownstudywhenshefinishedmedicalschool.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven2MaryachangedhernametoFrenchform,Marie,inParis.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven3Maryahadquarreledwithhersisterbeforemovingoutofhersister’shome.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven4Maryawashappyevenifshelivedinhardlivingconditions.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven5MarieandPierrefellinlovebecausetheyhaddifferentideasaboutscienceandlife.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven6Pierredidn’twanttostophisownresearchtohelpMarie.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven7Pierre’sparentsdidn’tagreewithhismarriagewithMarie.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven8MariealonefoundtwoelementsthatgaveoffXraysin1898.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven9MarieandPierredidnotknowthedangerofthosematerialsgivingoffXrays.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven10MarieandPierrewontheNobelPrizeinphysicsin1903.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven二阅读选择(第11-15题,每题2分,共10分)阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A,B,C,D,)中选出1个最佳选项,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。NationalHealthServiceTheBritishNationalHealthService(NHS)wassetupin1948andwastoprovideequalbasicandfreehealthcareforeverybodyinthecountryside.Beforethistime,healthcarehadtobepaidforbyindividuals.Nowadays,thecentralgovernmentisdirectlyresponsiblefortheNHS,althoughitismanagedbylocalhealthorganizations.About83percentofthecostofthehealthserviceispaidforbygeneraltaxationandtherestismetfromthenationalinsurancecontributionspaidbythoseinwork.Somepeoplehavetopayforprescriptionanddentalcarebutotherpeople,suchaschildren,pregnantwomen,andthoseonincomesupport,areexemptfrompayment.AsthepeopleofBritaingetsolder,thehospitalservicenowtreatsmorepatientsthanbefore,althoughpatientsspendlesstimeinhospital.NHShospitals---manyofwhichwerebuiltinthenineteenthcenturyprovidenearlyhalfamillionbedsandhaveover480,000medicalstaff.TheNHSisthebiggestemployerinEurope,althoughBritainactuallyspendslessperpersononhealthcarethanmostofherEuropeanneighbors.Duringthe1980s,thehealthserviceincreasedemphasisonmanagerialefficiencyandtheprivatization(私人化)ofsomeservices(forexample,cleaning).Attheendofthe198s,thegovernmentintroducedplansforfurtherreformoftheNHS,includingallowingsomehospitalstobeself-managing.Patientswouldbeabletochooseandchangetheirfamilydoctormoreeasily.However,thepoliticalquestionscontinueofhowmuchmoneyshouldbeprovidedtosupporttheNHSandwhereitshouldcomefrom.11Wecanknowfromthefirstparagraphthat_____________.A.theNHSwastoprovideequalbasichealthcareforpeopleinthecities.B.peopleincitiesdidn’thavetopayforhealthcarebefore1948.C.patientsincountrysidehadtopaymoneyforhealthcarebefore1948D.theNHSwasanorganizationwhichgavefreeadvicetovillagers.12Whatdoestheunderlinedword“exempt”probablymean?A.sufferingB.differentC.preventedD.free13Accordingtoparagraph2and3,whichofthefollowingisTRUEaboutHNS?A.It’smanagedbythecentralgovernment.B.ithiresmorepeoplethananyotherunitinEurope.C.fewerpatientsgotoNHShospitalsthanbeforeinBritain.D.itscostismainlypaidforbythenationalinsurancecontributions14TheNHSreformduring1980sfocusedmoreon_______________.A.efficiencyandself-managingB.efficiencyandprivatizationC.competitionandself-managingD.competitionandprivatization15Accordingtothelastparagraph,thebiggestproblemfortheNHSis___________.A.manyhospitalsaretoooldtobeusedB.someservicesareprovidedbyindividualsC.morepatientsgotoothercountriesfortreatmentD.thereisnotenoughmoneyforfurtherreform第二部分非选择题(共80分)三,概括段落大意和补全句子(第16-25题,每题1分,共10分)阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的两项测试任务:(1)从第16-20题后所给的6个选项中为第①--⑤段每段选择一个正确的小标题;(2)从第21-25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在“非选择题”答题区内Greatsoccerplayer1Soccerisplayedbymillionsofpeopleallovertheworld,buttherehaveonlybeenafewplayerwhoweretrulygreat.Howdidtheseplayersgetgreat?Wasitthroughtrainingandpractice?Orweregreatplayersbornnottrainedtobegreat?Studiesshowthatthesegreatplayerssharesomethingincommon.2First,theseplayerscomefromplacesthathavehadfamousstarsinthepastsothatayoungboycanlookuptoandtrytoimitate(模仿).Inthehistoryofsoccer,onlysixcountrieshaveeverwontheWorldCupthreefromSouthAmericaandthreefromWesternEurope.Therehasneverbeenagreatnationalteam---orareallygreatplayerfromNorthAmericaorfromAsia.3Second,theseplayershaveyearsofpracticeinthegame.AlfredodiStefanowasthesonofasoccerplayer,sowasPele.Mostplayersbeginplayingthegameattheageofthreeorfour.4Finally,manygreatplayerscomefromthesamekindofneighborhood(聚居区)apoor,crowdedareawhereaboy’sdreamisnottobeadoctor,lawyer,orbusinessman,buttobecomearich,famousathleteorentertainer.Forexample,Liverpool,whichproducedtheBeatles(甲壳虫乐队),hadoneofthebestEnglishsoccerteamsinrecentyears,Pelepracticedinthestreetwitha“ball”madeofrags(破布).AndGeorgebestlearnedthetricksbybouncingtheballoffawallintheslums(贫民窟)ofBelfast.5Generally,allgreatplayershavealotincommon,butthatdoesn’texplainwhytheyaregreat.HundredsofboysplayedinthoseBrizilianstreets,butonlyonebecamePele.Thegreatestplayersarebornwithsomeuniquequalitythatsetsthemapartfromalltheothers.Task1A.notrichneighborhoodB.stillnoclearreasonsCraretrulygreatplayersD.averypopulargameE.longandearlierpracticeF.famousstareffect16.Paragraph①:17.Paragraph②:18.paragraph③:19.paragraph④:20.Paragraph⑤:Task221Therearemillionsofsoccerfansintheworldbutonly____________.22SixcountriesfromSouthAmericaandWesternEuropehaveeverwon____________.23Mostgreatsoccerplayershavestartedtheirsoccerpracticewhentheywere____________.24Manygreatplayersgrewupin___________.25Georgebestpracticedhissoccerskillsin______________.AthepoorareaofBelfastB.threeorfouryearsoldCfromveryrichfamiliesD.poorneighborhoodE.afewtrulygreatplayersF.theworldcup四,填句补文(第26-30题,每题2分,共10分)下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区作答。BabiesaregoodlanguagelearnersItishardtoknowwhatbabieswant.Theycantalk,walk,orevenpointatwhattheyarethinkingabout.Yetnew-bornbabiesbegintodeveloplanguageskillslongbeforetheybeginspeaking.Andcomparedtoadults,theydeveloptheseskillsquickly.Peoplehaveahardtimelearningnewlanguagesastheygrowolder.___________26____________.Foralongtime,scientistshavetriedtoexplainhowsuchyoungchildrencanlearnthosegrammaticalrulesandthesoundsofalanguage.___________27______________.Thismightfinallyhelpchildrenwithlearningdifficultiesaswellasadultswhowanttolearnanewlanguage.______________28_____________.Mostbabiesgo“googoo”and“mama”bythetimetheyaresixmonthsold.____________29___________.Fordecades,scientistshavewonderedhowbrainsofyoungchildrenfigureouthowtocommunicatebyusinglanguage.Withhelpfromnewtechnologiesandresearchstrategies,scientistsarenowfindingthatbabiesbeginlifewiththeabilitytolearnanylanguage.Theycomeintocontactwithotherpeople,listentowhattheysayandwatchtheirmovementsveryclosely.___________30____________.Studiesshowthat,uptosixmonths,babiescanrecognizeallthesoundsthatmakeupallthelanguagesintheworld.A.Itmightalsohelpscientiststodesigncomputesthatcancommunicateaspeopledo.B.Thatiswhytheyquicklymasterthelanguagestheyhearmostoften.C.But,babieshavetheabilitytolearnanylanguageeasily.D.Mostchildrenspeakinfullsentencesbytheageofthree.E.Adultssufferalotfromtheirworkandhousework.F.Now,researchersunderstandbetteraboutthelearningofgrammaticalrulesandthesounds.五,填词补文(第3140题,每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10出空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区内作答。StopsmokingIbegantosmokewhenIwasinhighschool.Infact,IremembertheeveningIwasatagirlfriend’shouse,andwewere___31____amovie.Theactorsinthemoviesmokedalot.Myfriendfoundtwocigarettesfromhermother’spurse,andshegaveontome.Itwasmyfirsttime.Myparentsdidn’tcareittoomuchbecausetheyboth___32_____,andmyolderbrotherdidtoo.Mymothertoldmethatsmokersdon’tgrowtall,butIwasalready____33___thanmostoftheboysinmyclass,soIwashappytohearthat“fact”.The____34___inschooltalkedagainstsmoking,butthecigaretteadvertisementsweresoexciting.Ireadabook___35___howtostopsmoking.Thewriterthoughtthatsmoking___36____time,andthatcigarettescostalotofmoney.Tenyearslater,everyonebegantohearaboutthe___37___effectsofcigarettesmoke:lungdisease,cancer,andheartproblems.Afterthat,therewasahealth____38__oneverypackofcigarettes.Ididn’tpaymuch___39___tothereportsandwarnings.Ifelthealthy,andIthoughtIwastakinggoodcareofmyself.Thentwoeventschangedmymind.First,Istartedtocough.IthoughtItwasjustacold,butitdidn’tgetbetter.Second,mybrothergotlungcancer.Hegotsickerandsicker.Isatwithhiminhishospitalroom,andIdecidedto____40____.However,itwasveryhardtodoso.A.quitE.teachersI.badB.awareF.attentionJ.tallerC.watchingG.wastesK.warningD.namedH.differentL.smoked六,完形补文(第4150题,每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白处的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区内作答。MusicThe___41___(important)ofmusicinourlivescannotbedefinedwithwords.Itistheairwebreatheandthethoughtswethink.Itisthemelodiesthatbeattothetuneofourhearts.Itisthe____42____(universe)languagethatwecanallunderstandandrelateto,evenwhenourpersonaldefinitionsvary.Musicisavery____43___(value)toothroughouttheworld.Musicisthevoicewelongforwhenwecan’tfind___44___(word)tospeak.Manypeoplewillagreethattherearesongsthatwere____45___(write)justforthem.Songscansometimessaythings___46____(good)thanwecouldhavesaidthem.Theycanexpressouremotionsthoughwedidn’t___47____(real)knowwefeltthatway.Musiccanputthingsintoperspective.Therearealotoftopicstobe____48___(discuss)whenitcomestomusic.Ifyouare___49___(talk)aboutmusic,deadsilenceisn’tanoption.___50____(play)musicinthebackgroundatpartieswillhelpcalmyourguests.Musicsetsthemoodandmakesthinghappier.七,短文写作(第51题,30分)请根据要求撰写一篇120词左右的英语短文。将短文写在“非选择题”答题区内。Writeaninvitationlettertoyourfriendforyourbirthdaypartybasedonthefollowinginformationinabout120words.Yourname:jackYourfriend’sname:tomTime:6:30p.m.---8:30p.m.,march20thPlace:yourhomeActivities:sing,dance,playchess,etc.

本文由湖北专升本整理发布

预约报名

开班日历

报考类型报考时间详细公告
自考VIP班5月20日公告>
自考精英班5月24日公告>
自考保过班6月01日公告>
自考快速班6月2日公告>
自考提高班6月3日公告>
自考保过班06月14日公告>
预约试听
  • 姓名
  • 手机
  • 微信
  • 年级
今日学生报名信息
  • Expandable Input李家国同学

    在1分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input张红同学

    在11分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

  • Expandable Input胡涵琪同学

    在28分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input潘佳文同学

    在42分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语基础班》课程

  • Expandable Input赵原同学

    在48分钟前报名了《第四期专升本协议班》课程

  • Expandable Input蔡慧洁同学

    在53分钟前报名了《第四期专升本保过班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈明豪同学

    在67分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语押题班》课程

  • Expandable Input曹郧波同学

    在72分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈天淮同学

    在83分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语提高班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈羽霏同学

    在86分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语基础班》课程

  • Expandable Input陈月同学

    在93分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

  • Expandable Input邓海艳同学

    在105分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程

  • Expandable Input邓海艳同学

    在105分钟前报名了《第四期专升本英语冲刺班》课程