小编送福利:自学考试英语(二)试题免费奉送

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 134 次

自学考试
第一部分选择题(共20分)一,阅读判断(第1-10题,每题1分,共10分)下面的短文后列出了十个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。HenryFordManypeoplebelievehenryfordinventedtheautomobile(汽车),buthenneryforddidn’tstarttobuildhisfirstcaruntil1896.ThatwaselevenyearsaftertwoGermansdevelopedtheworld’sfirstautomobile.Manypeoplebelievehenryfordinventedtheproductionlinethatmovedacar’spartstotheworker,insteadofmakingtheworkermovetotheparts.Thatisnottrue,either.Manyfactoryownersusedmethodsofthiskindbeforeford.Whathenryforddidwastouseotherpeople’sideasandmakethembetter.Andhemadethewholefactoryamovingproductionline.Intheearlydaysoftheautomobile,almosteverycarmakerracedhiscars.Itwasthebestwayofgainingpublicnotice.Henryforddecidedtobuildaracingcar.Ford’smostfamousracewashisfirstone.Itwasalsothelastraceinwhichhedrovethecarhimself.Theracewasin1901,atafieldnearDetroit.Allofthemostfamouscarshadentered,butonlytwowereleft:theWintonandFord’s.TheWintonwasfamousforitsspeed.Mostpeoplethoughttheracewasoverbeforeitbegan.TheWintontookanearlylead.Buthalfwaythroughtherace,itbegantolosepower.Fordstartedtogain.Andneartheendoftherace,hetookthelead.FordwontheraceanddefeatedtheWinton.Hisnameappearedinnewspapersandhebecamewell-knownallovertheUnitedStates.Withinweeksoftherace,henryfordformedanewautomobilecompany.In1903,adoctorinDetroitboughtthefirstcarfromthecompany.Thatsalewasthebeginningofhenryford’sdream.Fordsaid,“Iwillbuildamotorcarforthegreatmassofpeople.Itwillbelargeenoughforthefamily,butsmallenoughforonepersontooperateandcarefor.Itwillbebuiltofthebestmaterials.Itwillbebuiltbythebestmentobeemployed.Anditwillbebuiltwiththesimplestplansthatmodernengineeringcanproduce.1HenryFordbuilttheworld’sfirstautomobile.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven2HenryFordinventedtheproductionlinemethod.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven3HenryFordjoinedthecarracetomakehiscarknownbypublic.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven4HenryFordracedhiscarhimselfonlyonceallhislife.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven5ThefordwasmuchsaferthantheWinton.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven6Manypeoplethoughtfordwouldwintherace.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven7Millionsofpeoplewereexcitedabouttherace.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven8Fordledtheracefromtheverybeginningoftherace.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven9HenryFordformedanewautomobilecompanyin1901.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven10henryfordproducedcarsofthelowestpriceintheworld.A.TrueB.FalseC.Notgiven二阅读选择(第11-15题,每题2分,共10分)阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A,B,C,D,)中选出1个最佳选项,并在“答题卡”上将相应字母涂黑。BodylanguageBodylanguageistheunspokencommunicationthatgoesonineveryface-to-faceencounterwithanotherhumanbeing.Ittellsyoutheirtruefeelingstowardsyouandhowwellyourwordsarebeingreceived.Between50%-100%ofourmessageiscommunicatedthroughourbodylanguage.Only7%-10%istheresultofactualwordsweuseinaconversation.Eyecontactisoneofthemostimportantwaysofdealingwithothers,especiallypeoplewe’vejustmet.Keepgoodeyecontactshowsrespectandinterestinwhattheyhavetosay.IntheUK,peopletendtokeepeyecontactaround60%-70%ofthetime.(However,therearewideculturaldifferences,sobecarefulinothercountries.)Bydoingthis,yougivethemafeelingofcomfortandrealwarmth.Otherwise,theywillfeelyouarelackinginterestinthemortheirconversation.Headpositionisagreatonetoplayaroundwithyourselfandothers,whenyouwanttofeelconfidentandself-assured,keepyourheadlevelbothstraightandupright.Youcanalsousethisstraightheadpositionwhenyouwanttobepowerfulandwhatyouaresayingbetotakenseriously.Ifyouwanttobefriendly,tilt(倾斜)yourheadjustalittletoonesideorother.Handgesturesaresomanyandvariedthatit’shardtogiveabriefguide,butheregoes.Palms(手掌)slightlyupandoutwardisseenasopenandfriendly.Palm-downgesturesaregenerallyseenascommanding,emphasizingandpossiblyaggressive(挑衅的).Thispalm-up,palm-downisveryimportantwhenitcomestohandshakingandwesuggestyoualwaysofferahandshakeupright,whichshouldconveyequality.Distancefromothersiscrucialifyouwanttogiveofftherightsignals.Standtoocloseandyou’llbemarkedas“stubborn”(顽固的,棘手的).Standorsittoofarawayandyou’llbe“keepingyourdistance”.Neitheriswhatwewant,soobservehowclosealltheotherpeoplearetoeachotherifinagroup.Alsonoticeifyoumoveclosertosomeoneandtheybackaway.You’reprobablyabittoomuchintheirpersonalspace,theircomfortzone.11.Bodylanguageisimportantinface-to-facecommunicationbecause_________________.A.itisunspokeninconversationsB.ittellspeople’struefeelingsC.itreceiversourwordsverywellD.itexpresses7--10%ofmeaning12.Wekeepeyecontactinconversationsto_________________.A.attractothers’attentionB.catchupwithothersC.understandothersfullyD.payrespecttoothers13.Ifyourheadismovedalittletooneside,itmeansyou_________________.A.feelconfidentB.feelpowerfulC.areseriousD.arefriendly14.Whichofthefollowingisconsideredasafriendlygesture?A.Palmsslightlyup.B.PalmsslightlydownC.StandingclosetoothersD.Standingawayfromothers15.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisNOTTRUE?A.Morethanhalfofourmeaningisexpressedbybodylanguage.B.keepingeyecontactwithothersisasignofconfidence.C.Itissuggestedtohaveahandshakeuprightwithothers.D.It’sbettertoseehowcloseotherpeoplestandfromeachother.第二部分非选择题(共80分)三,概括段落大意和补全句子(第16-25题,每题1分,共10分)阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的两项测试任务:(1)从第16-20题后所给的6个选项中为第①--⑤段每段选择一个正确的小标题;(2)从第21-25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在“非选择题”答题区内Haveasafetrip1Peoplevisitothercountriesformanyreasons.Sometravelonbusiness;otherstraveltovisitinterestingplacesthatareonlyfoundinothercountries,suchastheTajiMahal(泰姬陵)inIndia,orthetemplesofThailand.2Whereveryougo,andforwhateverreason,itisimportanttobesafe.Atouristcanattractalotofattentionfromlocalpeople.Whilethemajorityofpeopleyouwillmeetwhentravelingaresuretobefriendlyandwelcoming,therearedangerstheftbeingthemostcommon.Justasinyourhomecountry,donotexpecteveryoneyoumeettobefriendlyandhelpful.3Asyouprepareforyourtrip,makesureyouhavetherightpaperwork.Youdon’twanttogettoyourdestinationonlytofindyouhavethewrongvisa,orworse,thatyourpassportisabouttoexpire(期满,失效).Also,makesureyoutravelwithpropermedicalinsurance,sothatifyouaresickorinjuredduringyourtravels,youwillbeabletogettreatment.Ifyouwanttodrivewhileyouareabroad,makesureyouhaveaninternationaldriver’slicense.4Buyaguidebookandreadaboutthelocalcustomsofthecountryyouaregoingto.Doastheromansdo,andyouwillsaveyourselfalotoftrouble.Besides,learninginadvancecanhelpyouunderstandthelocalculturebetterwhenyouarethere.Also,trytolearnafewbasicwordsandphrase----don’tassumethatthelocalpeoplewillspeakyoulanguage.5Whenyougettoyourdestination,useofficialtransport.Alwaysgotobusandtaxistands;don’tacceptridesfromstrangerswhoofferyoualift.Ifthereisnometer(表)inthetaxi,agreeonapricebeforeyougetin.ifyouprefertostayincheaphotelswhentraveling,makesureyoucanlockthedoorofyourroomfromtheinside.Ifyouaretravelingwithvaluablessuchasjewelry,oralotofcash,youshouldaskaboutasafe(保险箱)forstoringthemin.Task1A.DangersintravelingB.BenefitsfromtravelingCReasonsfortravellingD.TransportduringtravelingE.ImportantpapersfortravelingF.Learningcustomsbeforetravelling16.Paragraph①:17.Paragraph②:18.paragraph③:19.paragraph④:20.Paragraph⑤:Task221Ifonetravelsinaforeigncountry,thelocalpeopleprobablywillgivehim____________.22inourhomecountry,therearealso_____________.23peoplewithinternationaldrivers’licensescan_________________.24wewillhavelesstroublesinotherscountriesifwecan_________________.25whenyouarecarryingmuchmoneywithyou,it’sbetterto__________________.AtakeataxiBdriveabroadCaskforasafeDalotofattentionEunfriendlypeopleFfollowtheircustoms四,填句补文(第26-30题,每题2分,共10分)下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区作答。FriendshipofAmericanStyleSteveandYaserfirstmetintheirchemistryclassatanAmericanuniversity.YaserwasaninternationalstudentfromJordan.HewasexcitedtogettoknowanAmerican.YaserhopedthatheandStevewouldbecomegoodfriends.Asfirst,Steveseemedveryfriendly.HealwaysgreetedYaserwarmlybeforeclass.SometimesheofferedtostudywithYaser.___________26____________.Butafterthesemesterwasover,Steveseemedmoredistant.OnedayYasserdecidedtocallSteve.Stevedidn’tseemveryinterestedintalkingtohim.YaserwashurtbySteve’schangeofattitude.Yaserisalittleconfuse.HeisanoutsidertoAmericanculture.________27_________.Americansviewtheword“friend”inaverygeneralway.Americanshaveschoolfriends,workfriends,sportsfriendsandneighborhoodfriends.__________28____________.Whenthesharedactivityends,thefriendshipmayfade.NowSteveandYaserarenolongerclassmates,theirfriendshiphaschanged.Insomeculturesfriendshipmeansastronglife-longbondbetweentwopeople.Intheseculturesfriendshipsdevelopslowly,sincetheyarebuilttolast._________29__________.Americansocietyisoneofthoserapidchanges.StudiesshowthatoneoutoffiveAmericanfamiliesmovesveryyear.PeoplefromtheUnitedStatesmayatfirstseemfriendly.Americansoftenchateasilywithstrangers.Theyexchangeinformationabouttheirfamilies,hobbiesandwork.Theymaysmilewarmlyandsay,”haveaniceday”or“seeyoulater.”Schoolmatesmaysay,”let’sgettogethersometime.”_____________30_____________.A.However,Americanfriendshipsdevelopquickly,andtheymaychangejustasquickly.B.Americansdovaluefriendship,buttheywon’ttrustyoucompletely.C.Thesefriendshipsarebasedoncommoninterests.D.Hedoesn’tunderstandthewayAmericansviewfriendship.E.ButAmericanfriendlinessisnotalwaysanofferoftruefriendship.F.HeeveninvitedYasertohavelunchwithhim.五,填词补文(第3140题,每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10出空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区内作答。TheHistoryofEnglishThehistoryoftheEnglishlanguagebeganover1500yearsagointhenorthofEurope.AroundthefifthcenturyA.D.,tribes(部落)ofpeople____31_____astheAngels,SaxonsandJutestraveledwestfromGermanyandDenmark_____32_____theNorthSea.TheysettledinBritain,andbythelateseventhcentury,theystarted_____33_____anearlyformofEnglish.Inthelateeighthcentury,theVikingsattackedEngland.Fighting____34____foralmosttwohundredyears,duringthistime,manyLatin,Danish,andNorsewordsenteredtheEnglishlanguage.LatingaveEnglishwordslikekitchenandcup.FromDanishandNorse,Englishborrowedwords___35___skinandleg.ManywordsofsimilarmeaningsfromtheNorselanguagebecameintegratedintoEnglish,forexample,wrath(English),anger(Norse);sick(English),ill(Norse).In1066,theNormansconqueredEngland.Frenchbecamethelanguageofthewealthyandpowerful,andEnglishwasspokenmostlyby____36___people.Inthelatefourteenthcentury,Englishbecamethefirstlanguageagain.Bythistime,manywordsusedinEnglish___37_____fromFrenchorLatin,andalotoftheearlywordsnolonger___38____.Inthesixteenthandseventeenthcenturies,peoplebecame_____39____intheclassics.Atthistime,wordsfromLatinandGreekwereincludedintheEnglishlanguage.Alotofwords,orpartsofwords,fromthoselanguagesareusedinmodernEnglish.Today,Englishhasloanedwordsfrommanyoftheworld’slanguages.Youcan____40_____findthatawordusedinEnglishmayfirstcomefromyournativelanguage.A.poorerE.cameIlikeB.existedF.popularJ.knownC.easilyG.interestedK.speakingD.probablyH.acrossL.continued六,完形补文(第4150题,每题1.5分,共15分)下面的短文有10处空白,每处空白处的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并在“非选择题”答题区内作答。TechnologyTechnologyistheapplication(应用)ofknowledgetoproduction.Thankstomoderntechnology,wehavebeenabletoincrease_____41___(great)theefficiencyofourworkforce.Newmachinesandnewmethodshavehelpedcutdowntimeandexpensewhile____42____(increase)overalloutput.Thishas_____43___(mean)moreproductionandahigherstandardofliving.Willmankindcontinuetolivelongerandhavea____44____(high)qualityoflifethanbefore?Tolargeextent,theanswer____45___(depend)ontechnologyandourabilitytouseitwidely.Ifwekeep___46___(make)progressaswehaveoverthepastfiftyyears,theanswerisdefinitelyyes.Theadvancementoftechnologydependsuponresearchand___47_____(develop).Therefore,whenweneednew____48____(skill)ontechniquesinmedicine,peoplewillstartdevelopingnewtechnologytomeetthoseneeds.Asequipmentprovestobesloworinefficient,newmachineswillbe____49___(invent).Technologyrespondstoourneedsin____50___(help)usmaintainourstandardofliving.七,短文写作(第51题,30分)请根据要求撰写一篇120词左右的英语短文。将短文写在“非选择题”答题区内。Withthecomingofinternet,moreandmorepeoplemakeonlinefriends.Canpeoplefindtruefriendsonline?What’syouropinion?Pleasegiveatleasttworeasonstosupportyouridea.

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