2021年湖北省成人学位英语考试考前冲刺习题模拟试题(一)

更新时间:2021-04-13作者:湖北自学考试 阅读量: 116 次

自学考试
英语考试综合练习题(一)PartIVocabularyandStructure(20%)Directions:Thereare20incompletesentencesinthissection.ForeachsentencetherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C),andD).ChoosetheONEanswerthatbestcompletesthesentence.ThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithsinglelinethroughthecenter.1.Byseveno’clockthisevening,he_______sixhours.A)willbeworkingB)willworkC)willhavebeenworkingD)willhavebeenworked2.Steven________theexamination,buthewasn'tcarefulenough.A)couldpassB)musthavepassedC)couldhavepassedD)wereabletopass3.Candidateswillbeinterviewed________.A)byorderB)inorderC)byturnD)inturn4.Newproblemsarealways________intheprocessofdeveloping.A)wakingupB)comingupC)goingupD)raising5.________herenow,wewouldhaveawonderfultimetogether.A)WereyouB)IfyouareC)YouareD)Youwere6.________wehavealreadydecided,wehavetomoveonratherthanhesitate.A)WhichB)WhatC)WhenD)As7.Theclassicnovel“GonewiththeWind”,_________wearefamiliarwasturnedintoamovie.A)towhichB)whichC)withwhichD)inwhich8.Theparking________hereinfrontofthebuildingisthirtyminutes,sowe’dbettergetbacktothecarassoonaspossible.A)periodB)limitC)timeD)freedom9.Onlyaftersowing________,asyoushouldneverexpectgoodresultwithoutendeavor.A)canyoureapB)reapyoucanC)youcanreapD)youreap10.Shewas_______havingdonesuchasillything.A)awareB)guiltyofC)ashamedofD)conscious11.Theyoungladywhocaughtthebabyfallingfromthetenthfloor_______bythelocalmedia.A)aretointerviewB)istointerviewC)istobeinterviewedD)wastointerview12.Theaccidentcasta_______overherfuturelife.A)shapeB)shadeC)figureD)shadow13.Inrecentyears,moreandmorepatientshavefaith_______Chinesemedicine,whichregardsthebodyasawholeorganismwhencuringdiseases.A)inB)onC)withD)for14.Itisinthissmallyard,ratherthanluxuriouspalace_______Putinspenthischildhood.A)whichB)whereC)asD)that15.Insummer,thetemperatureofWuhancitycouldbeashighasonetotwodegrees_______forty.A)upB)atC)onD)above16.Accordingtothesurvey,insummer,the_______thetemperatureis,the_______accidentstherewouldbe.A)high;lessB)higher;moreC)highest;mostD)higher;most17.Johnneedssuggestionsfromthetravelagentaboutwhichhotel_______.A)istostayatB)tostayatC)tostayD)isforstaying18.Hedecidedtobookthespecialairfare,_________thathewasairsick.A)despiteB)inspiteofC)inspiteofthefactD)despiteofthefact19.Thisbookisapopularone,soyoucangetitin________bookstore.A)someB)eachC)certainD)any20.Iftheplane______late,you_______informthehotelaboutyourarrivingtime.A)is;willhavetoB)willbe;willhavetoC)is;havetoD)willbe;willPartIIReadingComprehension(40%)Directions:Inthisparttherearefourpassagesfollowedbyquestionsorunfinishedstatements,eachwithfoursuggestedanswersmarkedA),B),C),andD).Choosetheoneyouthinkisthebestanswer,thenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithsinglelinethroughthecenter.Passage1Specialeducation,asitsnamesuggests,isaspecializedbranchofeducation.Specialeducatorsteachthosestudentswhohavephysical,cognitive,language,learning,sensory,and/oremotionalabilitiesthatdeviatefromthoseofthegeneralpopulation.Specialeducatorsprovideinstructionspecificallytailoredtomeetindividualizedneeds,makingeducationavailabletostudentswhootherwisewouldhavelimitedaccesstoeducation.In2001,specialeducationintheUnitedStateswasservingoverfivemillionstudents.AlthoughfederallymandatedspecialeducationisrelativelynewintheUnitedStates,studentswithdisabilitieshavebeenpresentineveryeraandineverysociety.Historicalrecordshaveconsistentlydocumentedthemostseveredisabilitiesthosethattranscendtaskandsetting.Itard'sdescriptionofthewildboyofAveyrondocumentsavarietyofbehaviorsconsistentwithbothmentalretardation(智力迟钝)andbehavioraldisorders.ReportsaboutabnormalbehaviorintheNineteenth-centuryalsodescribeissuesaboutseverementalretardationorautism(自闭症).Milderformsofdisabilitybecameapparentonlyaftertheadventofuniversalpubliceducation.Whenliteracybecameagoalforallchildren,teachersbeganobservingdisabilitiesspecifictotaskandsettingthatis,lessseveredisabilities.Afterdecadesofresearchandlegislation,specialeducationnowprovidesservicestostudentswithvaryingdegreesandformsofdisabilities,includingmentalretardation,emotionaldisturbance,learningdisabilities,speech-languagedisabilities,impairedhearinganddeafness,lowvisionandblindness,autism,traumaticbraininjury,otherhealthimpairments,andsevereandmultipledisabilities.21.WhichofthefollowingcanNOTbeconsideredas“severedisabilities”?A)Disabilitiesspecifictotaskandsetting.B)Mentalretardation.C)Behavioraldisorders.D)Autism.22.“Historicalrecords”mentionedinthesecondparagraphshowthat____.A)theproblemofdisabledstudentswasmoresevereinthepastthanatpresentB)studentswithdisabilitiescouldbefoundinhistoryC)disabledstudentsinhistoryhadnotbeengivenenoughattentionD)itisdifficultforchildrentogetridofmentaldisabilities23.Accordingtothepassage,allofthefollowinggroupsofchildrencanbecomestudentsofspecialeducationEXCEPT____.A)childrenwithsensoryproblemsB)childrenwithlearningdisabilitiesC)childrenwhosufferfromemotionaldisturbanceD)childrenwhodonotobeytherulesofuniversalpubliceducation24.WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaboutspecialeducationintheUnitedStates?A)Itnowonlyprovidesservicestostudentswithseveredisabilities.B)Itisnowservingoverfivemillionstudents.C)Thenumberofstudentsofspecialeducationhasdecreased.D)TheUnitedStateshasspentdecadesonthelegislationofspecialeducation.25.Thepurposeofthispassageisto___.A)provideinformationaboutspecialeducationtothereaderB)persuadetheU.S.governmenttospendmoremoneyonspecialeducationC)encouragepeopletojoinintheworkofspecialeducationD)comparespecialeducationwithuniversalpubliceducationPassage2Emperorsarethelargestofallpenguinsanaveragebirdstandssome45inchestall.TheseflightlessanimalsliveontheAntarcticiceandinthecoldsurroundingwaters.Penguinsemployphysiologicaladaptationsandcooperativebehaviorsinordertodealwithanincrediblyharshenvironment,wherewindchillscanreach-60°C.Emperorpenguinsspendthelongwinterontheopeniceandevenbreedduringthisharshseason.Femaleslayasingleeggandthenpromptlyleaveitbehind.Theyundertakeanextendedhuntingtripthatlastssometwomonths!Dependingontheextentoftheicepack,femalesmayneedtotravelsome50milesjusttoreachtheopenocean,wheretheywillfeedonfish,squid,andkrill.Atsea,emperorpenguinscandiveto1,850feetdeeperthananyotherbirdandstayunderformorethan20minutes.Maleemperorskeepthenewlylaideggswarm,buttheydonotsitonthem,asmanyotherbirdsdo.Malesstandandprotecttheireggsfromtheelementsbybalancingthemontheirfeetandcoveringthemwithfeatheredskinknownasabroodpouch.Duringthistwo-monthboutofbabysittingthemaleseatnothingandareatthemercyoftheAntarcticelements.Whenfemalepenguinsreturntothebreedingsite,theybringabellyfulloffoodthattheyregurgitateforthenewlyhatchedchicks.Meanwhile,theirdutydone,maleemperorstaketotheseainsearchoffoodforthemselves.Motherscarefortheiryoungchicksandprotectthemwiththewarmthoftheirownbroodpouches.Outsideofthiswarmcocoon,achickcoulddieinjustafewminutes.InDecember,Antarcticsummer,thepackicebeginstobreakupandopenwaterappearsnearthebreedingsite,justasyoungemperorpenguinsarereadytoswimandfishontheirown.26.Inordertodealwiththeharshenvironment,penguins____.A)migratetofindbetterbreedingorfeedinggroundsB)trytoadapttotheenvironmentphysiologicallyC)improveeachindividual’sabilityD)onlybreedduringcomfortableseasons27.Maleemperorsprotectthenewlylaideggsfromthecoldnessby____.A)sittingontheeggsB)puttingtheeggsundertheirfeetC)coveringtheeggswiththeirbroodpouchesD)puttingtheeggsundertheice28.Duringtheperiodofbabysitting,maleemperors____.A)eatalottokeepthemselvesstrongB)candefinitelysurviveintheharshenvironmentC)protecttheireggsbybalancingthemontheirfeetD)undertakeanextendhuntingtripforfood29.Inthefourthparagraph,“regurgitate”probablymeans____.A)passingfoodtosomeoneB)storingfoodC)bringingfoodbackupfromone’sstomachD)searchingforfood30.AllofthefollowingaretrueaboutbabyemperorpenguinsEXCEPT____.A)youngemperorpenguinshavetolearntobreakiceupinAntarcticsummerB)apenguinchickcoulddiesoonoutsideofitsparents’broodpouchesC)youngemperorpenguinsarereadytofishindependentlyinDecemberD)maleandfemaleemperorstaketurnstocarefortheiryoungchicksPassage3Plantsbringlifeandcolorintothehomeandrequirelittleinthewayofmaintenance.Followthesesimpletipsandyourplantsshouldthrive.Lookforthebestplaceinthehouseforeachplant,anddon'tbeafraidtotrydifferentlocationsuntilyoufindthebestspot.Ifaroomseemstoodarktosustainahealthyplant,don'tbefooled.Mostindoorplantsoriginateintropicalandsubtropicalregions,inparticularequatorialforests,andtheythriveindimenvironmentsandfilteredlight.Theidealspotisinfrontofalargewindowfacingeastorwest,filteredifnecessarythroughanetscrimcurtain.Ifyouhaveaplantthatthrivesonlotsofsun,placeitonawindowsillfacingnorthornorth-east.Checksoilmoisturelevelsregularlyandinspecttheleavestochecktheyarenotbeingburned.Attheslightestsignofwithering,movetheplanttowardsthemiddleoftheroom.Waterpoureddirectlyontothesoilmayflood,ornotreachthepotplant'sroots.Instead,waterplantsbottomupbystandingtheminadishandfillingthedishwithwater.Delicateplantssuchasfuchsiasthriveonthismethod.Forthismethodtowork,allpotsshouldhaveholesinthebottomthroughwhichthewaterisabsorbed.Ifyoudon'twantyourplanttodieofheatorcold,avoidplacingitindraughtyareasornearductedheatorair-conditioningoutlets.Wateryourplantsonlywhenthepottingmixfeelsdrytothetouchoverwateringisoftenthecauseofindoorplantdeath.Checkbypushingyourfingerintothesoil;ifitcomesoutwithoutanytraceofsoilonit,startwatering.Rememberthatplantsmayneedmorefrequentwateringinsummer.Mostindoorplantsbenefitfromanoccasionalmistingofwater.Makesurethewaterisatroomtemperatureanduseanatomizerorspraybottle.Mistingisparticularlybeneficialifyouliveinacentrallyheatedorair-conditionedhouseastheaircanbecomeverydry.31.Ifaroomseemstoodarktosustainaplant,peopleshould____.A)lookforanotherroomforindoorplantsB)onlykeepplantsthatoriginateintropicalareasC)stilltrytofindidealspotforindoorplantsintheroomD)giveuptheideaofkeepingindoorplants32.Forplantsthatneedlotsofsuntothrive,youshouldplacethem____.A)onawindowsillfacingnorthornorth-eastB)infrontofalargewindowfacingeastC)behindanetscrimcurtainfacingwestD)inthemiddleoftheroom33.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingistherightwaytowaterplants?A)Pourwaterintothesoil.B)Waterplantsbottomup.C)Waterplantsmorefrequentlyinwinter.D)Giveplantsregularmistingofwater.34.Whichofthefollowingcanserveasthebesttitleforthispassage?A)TheImportanceofIndoorPlants.B)HowtoKeepIndoorPlantsC)TheRightWayofWateringPlantsD)HowtoSelectIndoorPlants35.Thispassagecanbeputintothecolumnof“____”.A)HEALTHB)TRUESTORIESC)COOKINGD)ADVICEPassage4ResearchersattheUniversityofOregonhaverecentlyunearthedfossilsinSouthAfricathatpresentevidenceoflifeonland2.2billionyearsagofourtimesolderthantraditionallythought.Thefossilizedorganisms,dubbedDiskagmabuttonii,arenobiggerthanthesizeofastandardmatchheadandwerefoundthreadedtogetherinbunches.Thoughresearchersarestillunsureastotheirbiologicalfunction,theorganismsmostcloselyresembleamodernfungus(菌类)calledGeosiphon.TheteambelievesDiskagmacouldbetheoldestknowneukaryote,acellularorganismcontaininganucleus.Theresultsofthestudy,ledbygeologistGregoryJ.Retallack,providenewinsightintothedevelopmentofEarth’satmosphere.ExaminingthefossilssuggeststhatthegreeningofEarth,involvingtheriseofoxygenandemergenceofnewplantandanimalforms,occurredmuchearlierthan500millionyearsago,thepreviousestimate.ImagesofDiskagmawereconstructedusingpowerfulX-raysfromaparticleacceleratoratLawrenceBerkeleyNationalLaboratoryinCalifornia.Theyshowhollow,urn-shapedstructureswithanattachedtube.RetallacktellsPopularSciencethatthefossils'agewasdeterminedusingradiometricdatingofsurroundingrocks.“AtlastwehaveanideaofwhatlifeonlandlookedlikeinthePrecambrian(前寒武纪),"Retallacksays."Perhapswiththissearchimageinmind,wecanfindmoreanddifferentkindsoffossilsinancientsoils."36.ThefossilsfoundinSouthAfricasuggestthat____.A)creatureslivedonland2.2billionyearsagoB)creaturesonlandinthePrecambrianwereallsmallinsizeC)theythreadedtogetherinbunchesD)theorganismsresembleamodernfungus37.Accordingtothepassage,acellularorganismwithanucleusiscalled____.A)fungusB)eukaryoteC)DiskagmaD)Geosiphon38.Inparagraphthree,“newinsight”refersto____.A)thedevelopmentofEarth’satmosphereB)DiskagmacouldbetheoldestknowneukaryoteC)thegreeningofEarthoccurredmuchearlierthan500millionyearsagoD)theresultsofthestudy39.Accordingtothepassage,theageofthefossilswasdeterminedby____.A)radiometricdatingofsurroundingrocksB)powerfulX-raysfromaparticleacceleratorC)urn-shapedstructureswithanattachedtubeD)otherkindsoffossilsinancientsoils40.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueaboutthisresearch?A)ItisconductedbyresearchersattheUniversityofOregon.B)Thefossilizedorganismsfoundinthisresearcharenobiggerthanastandardmatchhead.C)Thebiologicalfunctionoftheorganismsisfiguredoutthroughthisresearch.D)ThisresearchcontributestothestudyofthedevelopmentofEarth’satmosphere.PartIIICloze(10%)Directions:Thereare10blanksinthefollowingpassage.Foreachblankthereare4choicesmarkedA),B),C),andD).YoushouldchoosetheONEanswerthatbestfitsintothepassage.ThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithsinglelinethroughthecenter.LastweekItookmychildrentoarestaurant.Mysix-year-oldsonaskedifhecouldsaygrace.Aswebowedour41,hesaid,“Godisgood.Godisgreat.Thankyouforthe42,andIwould43thankyoumoreifmomgetsusicecreamfordessert.Andlibertyandjusticeforall!Amen.”Alongwiththe44fromtheothercustomersnearby,Iheardawomanremark,“What’swrongwiththiscountry.Kidstodaydon’tevenknow45topray.AskingGodforice-cream!IsGodmadatme?”AsIheldhimandassuredhimthathehaddonea46jobandGodwascertainlynotmadathim,anelderlygentlemanapproachedthetable.Hewinkedatmysonandsaid,“IhappentoknowthatGodthoughtthatwasa47prayer.”“Really?”mysonasked.“Crossmyheart.”Theninatheatricalwhisperheadded(indicatingthewomanwhoseremarkhadstartedthiswholething),“ToobadsheneverasksGodforicecream.Alittleicecreamisgoodforthe48sometimes.”Naturally,Iboughtmykidsicecreamattheendofthemeal.MysonstaredathisforamomentandthendidsomethingIwill49therestofmylife.Hepickeduphissundaeandwithoutawordwalkedoverand50itinfrontofthewoman.Withabigsmilehetoldher,“Here,thisisforyou.Icecreamisgoodforthesoulsometimes,andmysoulisgoodalready.41.A)armsB)bodiesC)headsD)knees42.A)icecreamB)foodC)dessertD)meal43.A)againB)neverC)evenD)ever44.A)laughterB)criticizeC)commentsD)remarks45.A)whereB)whenC)howD)why46.A)terrificB)terribleC)disappointingD)surprising47.A)plainB)wrongC)goodD)terrible48.A)mindB)soulC)spiritD)health49.A)regretB)markC)rememberD)touch50.A)movedB)placedC)threwD)cast

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