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成人英语语法讲义二

时间:2018-03-20 来源:武汉专升本网 浏览次数:32

  被动语态

  基本形式:

时间状态 

一般 

进行 

完成 

现在 be done be being done have been done 
过去 was/were done was/were being done had been done 
将来 will be done will be being done will have been done 

  考试重点:谓语动词的被动语态,情态动词的被动语态;感官动词和使役动词的被动语态;用主动表示被动的含义。

  1、谓语动词的被动:基本形式见上面表格,多结合时态来考查。

  例1 The goods ____ when we arrived at the airport.

  A.were just unloading     B.wrer just been unloading     C.had just unloaded      D.were just being unloaded

  「答案」D(2006年4月22题)

  例2 He _____ when the bus came to a sudden stop.

  A.was almost hurt     B.was almost to hurt himself      C.was almost hurt himself      D.was almost hurting himself

  「答案」A(2005年4月33题)

  2、情态动词的被动语态构成:情态动词+be+过去分词

  例:I can't find the recorder in the room. It _____ by somebody.

  A.   must have taken       B.may have taken       C.may have been taken       D.should have been taken

  「答案」C(2003年11月22题)

  此题考察的是综合知识点。首先是被动语态,录音机被人拿走了。另外还考察了情态动词加完成式表示对过去时间的推测。

  3、感官动词及使役动词(如:see,feel,hear,watch,make,bid)在主动语态中用无to不定式作宾补,改为被动语态时不定式前要加to

  例1 Because of many mistakes,she was made _____ these letters again.

  A.tape     B.to typing    C.typed     D.to type

  「答案」D(2006年11月22题)本句的意思是:因为错误太多,她又把字重新打了一遍。

  4、用主动表示被动的含义

  (1)need/require+doing sth.(=to be done)(此句型主语大多为物)。

  例1 It is hot and dry;the flowers need _____ .  A.being watered   B.be watered   C.to water   D.to be watered

  「答案」D(2006年11月23题)本句的意思是:天气又热又干燥,花需要浇水。

  例2 My room is a mess.It needs _____ .   A.to be tidying up    B.tidying up    C.to tidy up    D.tidied up

  「答案」B(2000年47题)本句的意思是:我的房间很乱,需要收拾。

  (2)sell,wash,read,write,run等动词带状语修饰时。

  例:This kind of clothes sells well.这种衣服卖得很好。The pen writes smoothly.这支笔书写流利。

  (3)主语 + sound(feel,look,smell,taste)+形容词。

  例:The dish ____  terrible!I don't like it at all.  A.tastes     B.tasted   C.will taste     D.is tasted

  「答案」A(2005年11月19题) 本句的意思是:这盘菜太难吃了,我一点也不喜欢。

  被动语态配套练习

  1. The middle-aged man was seen _____ out of the house on the afternoon of the murder.

  A.came           B.come          C.to come      D.have come

  2. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ____  comfortably.

  A.in worn         B.wearing        C.wears        D.are worn

  3. This out-of-date teaching method ___ .

  A.must do away with     B.must have done away with     C.must being done away with   D.must be done away wish

  4. A fire _____ during the night and a large number of houses ____ to ashes.

  A.broke out ,were burnt   B.was broke out ,were burnt     C.broke out ,burnt     D.set out ,were burned

  5. English _____ in Australia.   A.speaks    B.are spoken   C.is soeaking   D.is spoken

  6. A new house ____ at the corner of the road.

  A.is building        B.is being built    C.been bulit    D.be building

  7. His new book _____ next month.

  A.will be published     B.is publishing    C.si beding published     D.has been published

  8. _____ the watch been repaired yet? I bably need it.  A.Does      B.Has      C.Is      D.Are

  9. The flowers ___ often.  A.must be water    B.must be watered  C.must watered  D.must water

  10. The pot ___ for ____ hot water.

  A.used;keeping     B.was used;keeping    C.is used;to keep    D.are used;keep

  11. How dirty the tables are ! They need _____ .  A.to clean     B.clean     C.cleaning     D.cleaned

  12. Newly-born babies _____ in hospital.

  A.are taken good care      B.are taken good care of     C.take good care of      D.take good care

  13. The apple _____ very sweet.   A.is tasted    B.taste    C.tastes    D.are tasting

  14.-What do you think of the TV play?

  -Wonderful. It is worth _____ a second time.

  A.watching   B.watched  C.seen   D.seeing

  15.A photo _____ each time that button  ______ .

  A.has taken;has pushed      B.has been taken;has pushed      C.is taken;will be pushed       D.is taken;is pushed

  参考答案:CCDAD; BABBB; CBCAD


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