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成人学士学位英语考试复习指导(9)

时间:2018-01-12 来源:武汉专升本网 浏览次数:43

第九部分 定语从句

一、要点

先行词

关系词

关系代词

注意:①关系代词充当从句中的宾语时,可省略

②what只引导名词性从句;不引导定语从句

关系副词

①when

②where

③why只引导限制性定语从句,先行词是reason等表原因的词

二、可识别题型

(一)as引导的定语从句

限制性的

解题要点:

1、有标志词(such、the same)

2、从句中缺少主语、宾语或表语

三级真题汇编

1、Do not trust such men _______ often like to praise you to your face.

A. who B. that C. as D. they

2、John isn't the same man _______ before.

A. what he was B. that he was C. who he was D. as he was

其他真题选编

1、These houses are sold at such a low price _______ people expected.

A. like B. as C. that D. which

2、It wasn’t such a good dinner _______ she had promised us.

A. that B. which C. as D. what

非限制性的(放在句首的)

解题要点:

(1)横线划在句首

(2)句中有逗号

(3)从句缺少主语(偶尔可能缺宾语)

三级真题汇编

1、_______is well known, light, like heat, is a form of energy.

A. It B. what C. Just as D. As

2、_______is known to all, too much smoking will cause lung cancer.

A. That B. It C. As D. What

3、_______is known to us all, the earth moves around the sun.

A. Because B. For C. So D. As

4、_______ is well known, the key to success lies in hard work.

A. As B. That C. Which D. What

5、_______ is well-known, the environment in China is badly in need of improvement.

A. It B. That C. As D. What

6、_______ was pointed above, this substance can be used as a substitute.

A. It B. That C. What D. As

7、 _______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.

A. Which B. When C. What D. As

其他真题选编

1、_______ is known to the world , Mark Twain is a great American writer.

A. That B. Which C. As D. it

2、_______ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A. It B. As C. That D. What

3、_______ is mentioned above, the number of the students in senior high schools is increasing.

A. Which B. As C. That D. It

4、_______ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting.

A.When B.After C.As D.Since

5、_______ is reported in the newspapars, talks between the two countries are making progress.

A. It B. As C. That D. What

6、_______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.

A. Which B. When C. What D. As

(二)介词+关系代词

解题要点:

从句的谓语动词+介词+先行词

介词是用来介绍关系的,要选择一个介词,使得从句(多数情况是谓语动词)能和先行词相连接。

三级真题汇编

1、Before her marriage, she spent a considerable time in that very part of Shanghai, _______ she belonged.

A. which B. to where C. to which D. at which

2、Before joining the army, he spent a lot of time in the village _______ he belonged.

A. to which B. which C. to where D. at which

3、The grass_______ many animals live is abundant here.

A. by which B. with which C. on which D. of which

4、This is the dictionary _______ I depend a lot whenever I have problems with new words.

A. with which B. in which C. on which D. for which

5、The tsunami (海啸)_______over 160, 000 people were killed was a terrible disaster for human beings.

A. of that B. among which C. during that D. in which

其他真题选编

1、American women usually identify their best friend as someone _______ they can talk frequently.

A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom

2、The gentleman _______ you told me yesterday proved to be a thief.

A. who B. about whom C. whom D. with whom

3、The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs _______ they are being trained.

A. in that B. for that C. in which D. for which

4、The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _______ the sailing time was 226 days.

A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which

5、In the dark street, there wasn't a single person _______ she could turn for help.

A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom

6、The English play _______ my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success.

A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which

(三)关系副词

解题要点:

1、从句不缺少主要成分

2、看先行词是表示什么的名词

表时间的选when

表地点的选where

表原因的选why

三级真题汇编

1、We live in a time _______, more than ever before in history, people are moving

A. what B. when C. which D. where

2、The time will come _______ man can fly to outer space freely.

A. that B. when C. in that D. which

3、I know a number of occasions_______ people died from water pollution.

A. how B. as C. when D. where

4、My vacation begins next Tuesday, _______ I will leave for Florida.

A. which B. that C. while D. when

5、There were dirty marks on her trousers _______she had wiped her hands.

A. where B. when C. that D. what

6、That's the reason _______ Ann could not do her part of the job.

A. that B. of C. because D. why

7、He’s got himself into a dangerous situation _______ he is likely to lose control over the plane.

A. where B. which C. while D. why

其他真题选编

1、We are living in an age _______ many things are done on computer.

A. which B. that C. whose D. when

2、After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town _______ he grew up as a child.

A. which B. where C. that D. when

3、If a shop has chairs _______ women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop.

A. that B. which C. when D. where

4、A fast food restaurant is the place _______, just as the name suggests, eating is performed quickly.

A. which B. where C. there D. what

5、Some pre-school children go to a day care center, _______ they learn simple games and songs.

A. then B. there C. while D. where

6、The village has developed a lot _______ we learned farming two years ago.

A. when B. which C. that D. where

7、Today, we’ll discuss a number of cases _______ beginners of English fail to use the language properly.

A. which B. as C. why D. where

8、Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity _______ sight matters more than hearing.

A. when B. whose C. which D . where

9、We're just trying to reach a point _______ both sides will sit down together and talk.

A. where B. that C. when D. which

10、I work in a business _______ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance.

A. how B. which C. where D. that

11、He’s got himself into a serious situation _______ he is likely to lose control over the plane.

A. where B. which C. while D. why

(四)数词或代词+of结构

解题要点:

1、这种题型都是非限制性定语从句,所以首先排除what(不引导定语从句)和that(不引导非限制性定语从句)

2、先行词是人还是物

3、代词要注意它所指代的对象的数量

both 两者都

either 两者中的一个

neither 两者都不

all 三者或以上都

none 三者或以上都不

三级真题汇编

1、The United States is composed of fifty states, two of ­­­_______ are separated from the others by land or water.

A. them B. that C. which D. those

2、We've tested three hundred types of boot, ­­­_______completely waterproof.

A. no of which B. none of which C. some of that D. neither of which

3、The writer has published many books, _______ are well received by the readers.

A. none of whom B. all of which C. neither of who D. one of which

4、There are two rooms in the house, ____serves as a kitchen.

A. the smaller of which B. the smaller of that

C. the smallest of which D. the smallest of that

5、It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which__________ of the parents spoke the language.

A. none B. neither C. both D. each

其他真题选编

1、We shouldn’t spent our money testing so many people, most of _______are healthy.

A. that B. which C. what D. whom

2、He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows ,most of _______ hadn't been cleaned for at least a year.

A. these B. those C. that D. which

3、Last week, only two people came to look at the house, _______ wanted to buy it.

A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom

4、It is reported that two schools,_______ are being built in my hometown,will open next year.

A. they both B. which both C. both of them D. both of which

5、I was given three books on cooking, the first _______ I really enjoyed.

A. of that B. of which C. that D. which

6、There are two buildings , _______ stands nearly a hundred feet high .

A.the larger B.the larger of them

C.the larger one that D.the larger of which

7、The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year , 80% are sold abroad.

A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that

8、There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, _______ five are mine.

A. on which B. in which C. of which D. from which

(五)复合定语从句

解题要点:

识别出插入成分,视其不存在,按一般题型选择

三级真题汇编

1、He has made another wonderful discovery, ­­­_______ of great importance to science.

A. which I think it is B. of which I think it is

C. I think which is D. which I think is

2、The company official _______ I thought would be fired received a raise.

A. whom B. whoever C. who D. of whom

(六)whose 的用法

解题要点:

当whose和其他关系代词一起出现在选项的时候,它被考查的几率很大。

三级真题汇编

1、The investigation, _______ will soon be published, was made by john.

A. at which the results B. the results on which

C. whose results D. at whose results

2、The experiment, _______ will soon be announced, was done by my colleagues.

A. whose results B. the results on which

C. at which the results D. of whose results

3、In 1990 he caught a serious illness from _______ effects he still suffers.

A. that B. which C. what D. whose

4、There was a teapot fashioned like a China duck, out of _______ open mouth the tea was supposed to come

A. which B. its C. that D. whose

5、Many children,_______ parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village.

A. their B. whose C. of them D. with whom

其他真题选编

1、Recently I bought an ancient vase, _______ was very reasonable.

A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of those

2、Have you seen the film “Titanic” , _______ leading actor is world famous?

A its B. it’s C. whose D. which

3、Look out! Don’t get too close to the house _______ roof is under repair

A. whose B. which C. of which D. what

4、Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from _______effects the people are still suffering.

A. that B. whose C. those D. what

三、一般题型

(一)解题要点:

1、无可识别题型的标志

2、从句中不是缺少主语就是缺少宾语(很偶然会碰到缺少表语的情况)

(二)三级真题汇编

1、Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, _______, of course, made the others jealous.

A. who B. what C. that D. which

2、He was very rude to the Customs officer, _______ of course made things even worse.

A. who B. whom C. what D. which

3、They overcame all the difficulties and fulfilled the plan ten days ahead of schedule, _______ was something we had not expected.

A. that B. this C. it D. which

4、I will never forget the ten years _______ we both spent in the little village.

A. when B. during which C. which D. in which

5、The size of the audience,­­­ _______ we had expected was well over one thousand.

A. whom B. who C. as D. that

6、An old friend from abroad, _______ I was expecting to stay with, telephoned me from the airport.

A. that B. whom C. who D. which

7、His brother had become a teacher, _______ he wanted to be.

A. who B. what C. which D. that

8、No one here believes the reason _______ he gave for his lateness.

A. that B. why C. for which D. what

(三)其他真题选编

1、The famous basketball star, _______ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention.

A. where B. when C. which D. who

2、In an hour, we can travel to places _______ would have taken our ancestors days to reach.

A. where B. when C. which D. what

3、His movie won several awards at the film festival, _______ was beyond his wildest dream.

A. which B. that C. where D. it

4、The weather turned out to be very good, _______ was more than we could expect.

A what B which C that D it

5、You can find whatever you need at the shopping centre, _______ is always busy at the weekend.

A. that B. where C. what D. which

6、By serving others, a person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, _______ can be very eye-opening and rewarding.

A. who B. which C. what D. that

7、Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, _______ used to be poorly run, is now a successful business.

A. that B. which C. who D. where

8、Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others , , of course , made the others envy him .

A. who B. that C. what D. which

9、Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, _______,of course , made the others unhappy.

A.who B.which C.this D.what

10、The Beatles, _______ many of you are old enough to remember, came from Liverpool.

A. what B. that C. how D. as

四、特殊题型

1、The moon is a world that is completely still and_______ utter silence prevails.

A. that B. where C. which D. whenever

2、A curve is a line _______ no part is straight and which has no angle.

A. that B. whose C. in which D. of which

3、It turned out that the man was an excellent policeman working in New York, _______ had contributed a lot to the case.

A. that B. which C. who D. where

4、I decided to buy a car because we had sold_______ we had in England before leaving.

A. that B. the other C. which D. the one

5、The people at the party were worried about Janet because no one was aware _______ she had gone.

A. where that B. of where C. of the place D. the place

6、This is one of the best books _______on the subject.

A. that have ever been written B. which have ever been written

C. that has ever been written D. whatever have been written

7、Of those _______ had applied for the jobs, only two were accepted.

A. persons B. that C. who D. which

五、挑错

1、A container weighs more after air is put in, it proves that air has weight.

A B C D

2、There are moments in life where you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them up from dreams and hug them for real.

A B C D

3、Teenagers always long for the time which they are able to be independent.

A B C D

4、The room, which window faces the south, is the nicest one of all on this floor. 

A B C D

5、The girl her father is a famous pianist learned to play the piano when she was a small child.

A B C D

6、Research shows that employees whose obtain satisfaction from their jobs are moreproductive.

A B C D

7、He is a true friend of mine, whom I can always depend whenever I get into trouble.

A B C D

8、The old man will never forget the event, that has changed his life ever since.

A B C D

9、The way which the different kinds of rock lie on one another helps to tell the storyof long ago.

A B C D

10、The seventeenth century was one which many significant advances were made in bothscience and philosophy.

A B C D

11、A number of foreign visitors were taken to the industrial exhibition which they sawmany new products.

A B C D

12、When she came back from Hollywood, she wanted to tell everybody about all the stars and exciting people who she had seen.

A B C D

13、The United States is composed of fifty states, two of those are separated from the others by land or water.

A B C D

14、The famous scientist, in his honor a dinner party will be held tonight, is to arrive soon.

A B C D

15、The old man was so angry and spoke so fast that none of his children understood thathe meant.

A B C D

第九部分 定语从句

二、可识别题型

(一)as引导的定语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:CD

其他真题选编

答案:BC

非限制性的(放在句首的)

三级真题汇编

答案:DCDAC DD

其他真题选编

答案:CBBCB D

(二)介词+关系代词

三级真题汇编

答案:CACCD

其他真题选编

答案:DBDAD C

(三)关系副词

三级真题汇编

答案:BBCDA DA

其他真题选编

答案:DBDDD DDDAC A

(四)数词或代词+of结构

三级真题汇编

答案:CBBAB

其他真题选编

DDDDB DAC

(五)复合定语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:DC

(六)whose 的用法

三级真题汇编

答案:CADDB

其他真题选编

答案:BCAB

三、一般题型

(二)三级真题汇编

答案:DDDCC BCA

(三)其他真题选编

答案:DCABD BBDDD

四、特殊题型

答案:BDCDB AC

四、挑错

答案:DBBAA BCBAA CDBBD


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