考本无忧

微信扫一扫

打开客服菜单
考本无忧网首页 > 湖工大成教 > 成人学士学位英语考试复习指导(6)

成人学士学位英语考试复习指导(6)

时间:2018-01-11 来源:湖北专升本网 浏览次数:39

第六部分 虚拟语气

一、非真实条件句

(一)三个基本形态

1、要点

表示虚拟的时间从句谓语的形式主句谓语的形式
现在did/werewould(should﹑might﹑could)+do
过去had donewould(should﹑might﹑could)+have done
将来were to(should)dowould(should﹑might﹑could)+do

2、三级真题汇编

(1)If a better material _______, the strength of the part would have been increased.

A. had been used B. had been using

C. being used D. using

(2)If you _______ that night, you might have been too late to get your ticket.

A. didn't hurry B. hadn't hurried

C. wouldn't hurry D. hadn't to hurry

(3)I would ask George to lend us the money if I ­­­_______ him.

A. had known B. have known C. knew D. to have knew

(4)Do you think there would be less conflict in the world if all people ­­­_______ the same language?

A. spoke B. speak C. had spoken D. will speak

(5)He____the maths examination if he had worked hard enough, but he didn't.

A. would pass B. has passed C. would have passed D. passed

3、其他真题选编

(1)If the whole operation _______ beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost.

A. was not planned B. has not been planned

C. had not been planned D. were not planned

(2)Things might have been much worse if the mother _______ on her right to keep the baby.

A. has been insisting B. had insisted

C. would insist D. insisted

(3)I didn't see your sister at the meeting. If she _______ , she would have met my brother.

A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come

(4)You didn't let me drive. If we _______ in turn, you _______ so tired.

A. drove, didn't get B. drove; wouldn't get

C. were driving; wouldn't get D. had driven; wouldn't have got

(二)四种特殊的结构

1、倒装

当条件句中有助动词should、had、were,可以省去if,而将助动词置于句首

三级真题汇编

(1)_______ you were busy, I wouldn't have bothered you with my questions.

A. If I realized B. Had I realized

C. Did I have realized that D. As I realized

(2)_______, I should ask them some questions.

A. Should they come to us B. If they come to us

C. Were they come to us D. Had they come to us

(3)Had the weather been good, the children _______ out for a walk.

A. had gone B. could have gone C. would go D. went

(4)Mary said to me, “Had I seen your bag, I _______ it to you.”

A. will return B. must return

C. could return D. would have returned

(5)_______ the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business.

A. If he took B. If he should take

C. Were he to take D. Had he taken

(6)I would have told him about the change of time for the class,________to class last 'tune.

A. did he come B. he came C. had he come D. he had come

其他真题选编

(1)_______ before we depart the day after tomorrow , we should have a wonderful dinner party.

A. Had they arrived B. Would they arrive

C. Were they arriving D. Were they to arrive

(2)Had he worked harder , he _______ the exams.

A. must have got though B. could get though

C. would get though D. would have got though

2、含蓄虚拟句

without

三级真题汇编

(1)Without your help, we _______ so much.

A. didn't achieve B. would not have achieved

C. will not achieve D. don't achieve

(2)Without heat and sunlight, plants on the earth _______ well.

A. would not grow B. will not grow

C. had not grown D. would not be grown

其他真题选编

(1)Without the air to hold some of the sun's heat, the earth at night _______, too cold for us to live.

A. would be freezing cold B. will be freezing coldly

C. would be frozen cold D. can freeze coldly

(2)Without electricity human life _______ quite different today.

A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be

but for

三级真题汇编

(1)But for the rain, we _______ a nice holiday.

A. should have B. would have had C. would have D. will have had

(2)But for my classmates’ help, I _______ the work in time.

A. did not finish B. could not finish

C. will not finish D. would not have finished

其他真题选编

(1)_______ the storm, the ship would have reached its destination on time.(2003.6)

A. In spite of B. In case of C. But for D. Because of

3、跳层虚拟句

三级真题汇编

(1)He was very busy yesterday; otherwise he _______ to the meeting.

A. would have come B. would come C. could come D. had come

(2)I would have told him the answer had it been possible, but I _______ so busy then.

A. am B. were C. was D. would be

(3)I would have joined him in a picnic, but I _______ his company.

A. will not like B. don't like

C. had not liked D. might not like

其他真题选编

(1)We didn’t know his telephone number ,otherwise we _______ him.

A. had telephoned B. must have telephoned

C. would telephone D. would have telephoned

4、混合时间虚拟句

三级真题汇编

(1)If you _______ that late movie last night, you wouldn't be so sleepy.

A. hadn't watched B. haven't watched

C. wouldn't have watched D. didn't watch

其他真题选编

(1)If I hadn't stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you _______ now.

A. wouldn't be smiling B. couldn't have smiled

C. won't smile D. didn't smile

二、从句中的虚拟

(一)宾语从句

标志词(动词)+that+(should)+do

标志词:ask、advise、beg、command、decide、demand、deserve、desire、determine、direct、insist、order、prefer、propose、request、require、recommend、suggest、urge

解题步骤:

1、 找到标志词

2、选出动词do

三级真题汇编

1、The doctor advised that Mr. Malan _______ an operation right away so as to save his life.

A. had B. would have

C. have D. was going to have

2、His mother insisted that he _______ the coat when going out.

A. put on B. puts on C. to put D. putting on

3、The doctor advised her that she _______ enough rest before going back to work.

A. to get B. get C. gets D. got

4、I don’t think it advisable that Tom _______ to the job since he has no experience.

A. be assigned B. is assigned

C. will be assigned D. has been assigned

其他真题选编

1、We desire that the tour leader _______ us immediately of any change in plans.

A. inform B. informs C. informed D. has informed

2、As Commander-in-chief of the armed forces , I have directed that all measures _______ for our defense.

A. had been taken B. would be taken

C. be taken D. to be taken

3、Mike’s uncle insists _______ in this hotel.

A. staying not B. not to stay

C. that he would not stay D. that he not stay

(二)主语从句

It is + 标志词(形容词或动词的过去分词)+that+(should)+do

标志词:appropriate、desirable、essential、important、impossible、necessary、natural、normal、urgent、vital

解题步骤:

1、找到标志词

2、选出动词do

三级真题汇编

1、It is necessary that we _______ have a good command of English at college.

A. must B. have to C. should D. ought to

2、It is highly desirable that a new president _______ for this university.

A. is appointed B. will be appointed

C. be appointed D. has been appointed

3、It's urgent that a meeting _______ before the final decision is made.

A. will be arranged B. must be arranged

C. be arranged D. would be arranged

4、It is desirable that he _______.

A. gives up trying B. give up trying

C. would give up trying D. is going to give up trying

5、It's vital that enough money _______ collected to get the project started.

A. is B. be C. must be D. can be

6、It's desired that she _______ to teach us at least twice a week.

A. comes B. will come C. come D. may come

其他真题选编

1、It was essential that the application forms _______ back before the deadline.

A. must be sent B. would be sent C. be sent D. were sent

2、It is recommended that the project _______ until all the preparations have been made.

A. not be started B. will not be started C. is not started D. is not to be started

3、It is politely requested by the hotel management that radios _______ after 11 o’clock at night.

A. were not played B. not to play C. not be played D. did not play

4、It is important that enough money _______ to fund the project.

A. be collected B. must be collected C. was collected D. can be collected

5、I don't think it advisable that Tim _______ to the job since he has no experience.

A. is assigned B. will be assigned C. be assigned D. has been assigned

6、It is important that the hotel receptionist _______ that guests are registered correctly.

A. has made sure B. made sure C. must make sure D. make sure.

(三)同位语从句

标志词(名词)+that+(should)+do

标志词:advice、decision、demand、desire、order、preference、proposal、requirement、recommendation、suggestion

解题步骤:

1、 找到标志词

2、选出动词do

三级真题汇编

1、Her suggestion that everybody _______ was not appreciated.

A. sing a song B. sang a song C. sung a song D. singing a song

其他真题选编

1、We are all for your proposal that the discussion ________.

A. be put off B. was put off C. should put off D. is to put off

2、The suggestion that mayor _______ the prize was accepted by everyone.

A. would present B. present C. presents D. ought to present

3、Many a delegate was in favor of his proposal that a special committee _______ to investigate the incident.

A. were set up B. was set up C. be set up D. set up

(四)表语从句

标志词(名词)+is+ that+(should)+do

标志词:advice、command、decision、demand、desire、order、preference、proposal、requirement、recommendation、suggestion

解题步骤:

1、找到标志词

2、选出动词do

三级真题汇编

1、The general’s command was that the soldiers _______ their fort and carry out more important tasks.

A. would leave B. leave C. left D. have left

2、The doctor's advice was that the patient _______ at once.

A. to be operated B. being operated C. be operated D. operated

3、My suggestion yesterday was that a meeting _______ to discuss the matter.

A. should hold B. must be held C. would be held D. be held

(五)目的状语从句

in case +(should)+do

lest+(should)+do

三级真题汇编

1、I wrote it down _______ I should forget it.

A. in case B. in case of C. in order that D. for fear of

2、Written applications should be sent to us in case _______ some problems with the electric version.

A. there will be B. there is C. there be D. there was

其他真题选编

1、The mad man was put in the padded cell lest he _______ himself.

A. injure B. had injured C. injured D. would injure

2、He was punished _______ he should make the same mistake again.

A. unless B. provided C. if D. lest

3、We booked rooms at the hotel _______ we should find no vacancies on our arrival.

A. whenever B. if C. since D. lest

三、其他结构

(一)wish后的宾语从句

对现状表示的愿望:过去时

对过去发生的事情表示遗憾、后悔:过去完成时

对将来发生的事情表示祝愿:过去将来时

三级真题汇编

1、I wish you _______ to me before you went and bought that car.

A. spoke B. will speak

C. was going to speak D. had spoken

2、Peter wishes that he ________law instead of literature when he was in college.

A. could study B. studied C. had studied D. would study

3、I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I _______ there.

A. were B. would be C. had been D. will be

4、—Did you see her off the day before yesterday?

—No, but I wish I _______.

A. were B. did C. had D. would

其他真题选编

1、Jack wishes that he _______ business instead of history when he was in university.

A. studied B. study C. had been studying D. had studied

(二)as if

as though

似乎、好象的意思

引导方式状语从句

从句中要虚拟

主句 从句

现在 过去时

过去 过去完成时

三级真题汇编

1、He talks as if he _______everything in the world.

A. knows B. knew C. had known D. would have known

其他真题选编

1、When a pencil is partly in a glass of water , it looks as if it _______.

A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken

(三)It’s (high) time (that) did

三级真题汇编

1、It's high time we _______ something to stop traffic accident.

A. do B. will do C. did D. must do

2、Don’t you think it is time you _______smoking?

A. give up B. gave up C. would give up D. should give up

3、Let's finish our homework in a few seconds; it's time we _______.

A. played football B. will play football

C. play football D. are playing football

4、You have stayed at home for two days. It’s time you _______ for a walk.

A. go out B. went out C. will go out D. would go out

(四)would rather that did

三级真题汇编

1、I’d _______ you didn’t touch that, if you don’t mind.

A. rather B. better C. happier D. further

2、I am too busy these days. I would rather all of you _______ next month for a dinner.

A. come B. would come C. came D. have come

3、She says she'd rather he _______ tomorrow instead of today.

A. leaves B left C. leave D. would leave

其他真题选编

1、You don’t have to be in such a hurry, I would rather you _______ on business first.

A. would go B. will go C. went D. have gone

2、I’d rather you _______ make any comment on the issue for the time being.

A. don’t B. wouldn’t C. didn’t D. shouldn’t

3、Wouldn’t you rather your child _______ to be early?

A. go B. went C. would go D. goes

4、The manager would rather his daughter _______ in the same office.

A. had not worked B. not to work C. dose not work D. did not work

5、Who would you rather _______ with you , George or me?

A. going B to go C. have gone D. went

四、挑错

1、None of us had the final say in this matter, and therefore it was recommended that wewaited for the authorities.

A B C D

2、Polite manners in China demand that a person stands up when anyone enters a room or when anyone hands him something.

A B C D

3、We are all for your proposal that the discussion is to be put off.

A B C D

4、It is about time that we go to supper, for we still have a meeting to attend this evening.

A B C D

5、He wished he didn't tell her the truth that brought her so much pain.(2006.11)

A B C D

6、It is very important that the students' voice is heard by the authorities of all ourschools.

A B C D

7、"Shall I give you a cheque for $10?” “I'd rather you give me $10 in notes."

A B C D

8、He will not do it had he known how serious the outcome would be.

A B C D

9、We strongly suggest that Smith is told about his physical condition as soon as possible.

A B C D

10、The law I am referring to requires that everyone who owns a car has accident insurance.

A B C D

11、It is important that she goes to see the doctor immediately.

A B C D

12、The workers in the factory demanded that their pay would be raised by 20 percent

A B C D

第六部分 虚拟语气

一、非真实条件句

(一)三个基本形态

2、三级真题汇编

答案:ABCAC

3、其他真题选编

答案:CBDD

(二)四种特殊的结构

1、倒装

三级真题汇编

答案:BABDD C

其他真题选编

答案:DD

2、含蓄虚拟句

without

三级真题汇编

答案:BA

其他真题选编

答案:AD

but for

三级真题汇编

答案:BD

其他真题选编

答案:C

3、跳层虚拟句

三级真题汇编

答案:ACB

其他真题选编

答案:D

4、混合时间虚拟句

三级真题汇编

答案:A

其他真题选编

答案:A

二、从句中的虚拟

(一)宾语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:CABA

其他真题选编

答案:ACD

(二)主语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:CCCBB C

其他真题选编

答案:CACAC D

(三)同位语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:A

其他真题选编

答案:ABC

(四)表语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:BCD

(五)目的状语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:AC

其他真题选编

答案:ADD

三、其他结构

(一)wish后的宾语从句

三级真题汇编

答案:DCCC

其他真题选编

答案:D

(二)as if

三级真题汇编

答案:B

其他真题选编

答案:C

(三)It’s (high) time (that) did

三级真题汇编

答案:CBAB

(四)would rather that did

三级真题汇编

答案:ACB

其他真题选编

答案:CCBDD

四、 挑错


官方推荐信息
信息点击排行
cache
Processed in 0.022171 Second.